z

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 z U+007A, z LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
 ← y[U+0079] Basic Latin { →[U+007B]
 ｚ U+FF5A, ｚ FULLWIDTH LATIN SMALL LETTER Z
 ← ｙ[U+FF59] Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms ｛ →[U+FF5B]

Translingual

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation

•  IPA (file)

Letter

z (upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

Symbol

z

1. (metrology) Symbol for the prefix zepto-.
2. (astronomy) Symbol for the redshift.
3. (mathematics) Used to denote a real variable when x and y are already in use.
${\displaystyle f\left(x,y,z\right)=\sin x+\cos y+\tan z}$
4. (mathematics) Used to denote the third coordinate in three-dimensional Cartesian and cylindrical coordinate systems.
${\displaystyle x^{2}+y^{2}+z^{2}=1}$
5. (mathematics) Used to denote a complex variable.
${\displaystyle \left\Vert z\right\Vert =z\cdot {\bar {z}}}$
6. (statistics) Used to denote a value of a standard normal random variable.
${\displaystyle P[Z>z]=1-P[Z
7. () Quantity along the third axis in a three-dimensional system, vertical when applicable.
8. (chemistry) Symbol for atomic number.
9. (IPA) voiced alveolar fricative

Prefix zepto-

Gallery

Other representations of Z:

 Signal flag: Semaphore:

English

Pronunciation

Letter name

• (UK) IPA(key): /zɛd/
•  Audio (UK) (file)
• (US) IPA(key): /ziː/
•  Audio (US) (file)

Phoneme

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z, plural z's)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the English alphabet, called zed or zee and written in the Latin script.

Azerbaijani

Letter

z lower case (upper case Z)

1. The thirty-second letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Cimbrian

Alternative forms

• 's (Sette Comuni)

Article

z

1. (Luserna) the; definite article for two declensions:
1. nominative singular neuter
2. accusative singular neuter

Cimbrian definite articles
Masculine Feminine Neuter Plural
Nominative dar de / di 's / z de / di
Accusative in de / di 's / z de / di
Dative me dar me in

References

• “z” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

Czech

Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /z/
•  Audio (file)

Preposition

z

1. from
Toto víno pochází z Francie. -- This wine comes from France.
2. out of
Pět z deseti doktorů doporučuje tuto zubní pastu.
Five out of ten doctors recommend this toothpaste.

Usage notes

This preposition is followed by the genitive case.

Dutch

Pronunciation

•  Audio (file)
• Rhymes: -ɛt
• (letter name): IPA(key): /zɛt/

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

• Previous letter: y

Egyptian

Noun

m

1. A door bolt of wood or copper [since the Pyramid Texts]

Noun

m

1. man (male person) [since the Old Kingdom]
2. someone, anyone

Usage notes

This word can be placed after a type of person and before a number to indicate that many prisoners of that type were taken.

Noun

m

1. being, creature (used of a snake) [Pyramid Texts]

Noun

m

1. A type of fish [22nd dynasty]

Esperanto

Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /zo/
•  Audio (file)

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called zo and written in the Latin script.

Finnish

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called tseta or tset and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

• Used only in loanwords. In more established loanwords replaced with ts.

Gothic

Romanization

z

1. Romanization of 𐌶

Ido

Pronunciation

• (context pronunciation) IPA(key): /z/
• (letter name) IPA(key): /ze/

Letter

z (upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Italian

Noun

z m or f (invariable)

1. See under Z

Latin

Etymology

The minuscule form derives from the majuscule Z.

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-third letter of the Classical Latin alphabet, called zēta.

References

• z in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
• z in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers

Latvian

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

 This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Letter

Z

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The thirty-second letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

Livonian

Letter

z (upper case Z)

1. The thirty-eighth letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Lower Sorbian

Alternative forms

• ze (used before sibilants and certain consonant clusters)

Pronunciation

• IPA(key): /z/, (before a voiceless consonant) /s/

Etymology 1

Preposition

z (with genitive)

1. from, out of

Etymology 2

Preposition

z (with instrumental)

1. with
Stej bratš ze sotšu.They are brother and sister
(lit. ‘brother with sister’).

Malay

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Norwegian

Pronunciation

• (letter name): IPA(key): /set/, /sɛt/
• (phoneme): IPA(key): /s/, /ʃ/

Letter

z

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Norwegian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

• Not used in Norwegian, only appears in loanwords from e.g. Slavic.
• Used interchangeably with s in Internet slang and informal writing.

Polish

Pronunciation

• (isolated) IPA(key): /s/, /z/
•  Audio (file)

Etymology 1

Preposition

z (+ genitive)

1. from
Jestem z Polski.
I'm from Poland.
2. out of
jeden z dziesięciuone out of ten
motyka z drewnaa hoe made of wood
4. at
Jesteś z przodu czy z tyłu?
Are you at the front or at the back?

Etymology 2

Preposition

z (+ instrumental)

1. with

Etymology 3

Particle

z

Synonyms: mniej więcej, około

Usage notes

• As a rule of thumb, the preposition or particle should be changed to ze when the pronunciation of the two consecutive words becomes problematic. Some dictionaries claim that this rule applies to words starting with one of the following consonants: s, z, ś, ź, ż, rz, sz that are followed by another consonant. [1] Examples include:
Ten pręt jest z żelaza.
This rod is made of iron.
Ten pręt jest ze stali.
This rod is made of steel.
Pochodzę z Francji.
I come from France.
Pochodzę ze Szwecji.
I come from Sweden.

References

1. ^ Wielki słownik poprawnej polszczyzny. Keyword "z".

• z in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Romanian

Letter

z (lowercase, capital Z)

1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ze, zet, zed, or and written in the Latin script.

Sani

Noun

z (transliteration needed)

1. water

References

• Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, volumes 26-27 (2003, Department of Linguistics, University of California), page 74
• Huang Bufan (editor), Xu Shouchun, Chen Jiaying, Wan Huiyin, A Tibeto-Burman Lexicon (1992; Central Minorities University, Beijing) (has z̊³³)

Serbo-Croatian

Alternative forms

• (uppercase) Z

Preposition

z (Cyrillic spelling з)

1. () () with
• 1501, Marko Marulić, Judita
požgat su pritili sela naša stane,
žene z dicom htili vest u svoje strane,
inim dati rane, svih smrtno sikući;
• 1622, Ivan Gundulić, Suze sina razmetnoga
od svjetlosti zrak otvori,
i ostaše razlučene,
z bielim danom noćne sjene:
• 1927, Dragutin Domjanić, Kaj
I srce mi greje
I z menom se smeje
I v žalosti plače takaj.
1. (Kajkavian) () from, out of
• 1927, Dragutin Domjanić, Kaj vrt si senja
Oblaček po nebu
Si stiha putuje,
A z trave još samo
Šćurica se čuje.

Letter

z (Cyrillic spelling з)

1. The 29th letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by v and followed by ž.

Skolt Sami

Letter

z (upper case Z)

1. The thirty-third letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Slovak

Alternative forms

• zo (see usage notes)

Preposition

z

1. from

Usage notes

• The zo form is used when the following word starts with the letter z, ž, s, š and certain consonant clusters.

• z in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Etymology 1

Letter

z

1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Slovene alphabet, written in the Latin script. Preceded by v and followed by ž.

Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *sъ(n), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱom.

Alternative forms

• (before a voiceless consonant) s

Preposition

z

1. (with instrumental) with, by means of, using
2. (with instrumental) (together) with, in the company of
3. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Spanish

Pronunciation

• (letter name):
• (Latin America) IPA(key): /ˈseta/, [ˈset̪a]
•  Audio (Spain) (file)
• (phoneme): IPA(key): /s/, /θ/

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Spanish alphabet, called zeta and written in the Latin script.

Swedish

Letter name
Phoneme

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Swedish alphabet, called säta or zäta and written in the Latin script.

Turkish

Letter

z (lower case, upper case Z)

1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ze and written in the Latin script.

Turkmen

Letter

z (upper case Z)

1. The thirtieth letter of the Turkmen alphabet, called ze and written in the Latin script.