इह

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit इह (ihá), doublet of यहाँ (yahā̃).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ɪɦ/

Adverb[edit]

इह (ih) (Urdu spelling اهہ‎)

  1. here, in this place or world

References[edit]

  • Platts, John T. (1884) , “इह”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.
  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993) , “इह”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hidʰá, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hidʰá, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁i-dʰe- (here).[1] Compare Pali idha, Avestan 𐬌𐬛𐬁(idā), 𐬌𐬜𐬀(iδa).

The form ihá was generalized in Vedic to conform with other place-based adverbs ending in -ha, whereas the Middle Indo-Aryan languages generalized -dha.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

इह (ihá)[2] (Vedic idhá)

  1. here; in this (place)
    तेनेह नteneha nathe rule does not apply here (literally, “therefore not in this case”)
  2. now

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

(taking Sanskrit as representative for all Old Indo-Aryan):

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lubotsky, Alexander (2011) The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project)‎[1], Leiden University
  2. ^ Monier Williams (1899) , “इह”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 169.