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- Platts, John T. (1884) , “इह”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.
- McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993) , “इह”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
The form ihá was generalized in Vedic to conform with other place-based adverbs ending in -ha, whereas the Middle Indo-Aryan languages generalized -dha.
- here; in this (place)
- तेनेह न ― teneha na ― the rule does not apply here (literally, “therefore not in this case”)
- इहेह (ihéha)
(taking Sanskrit as representative for all Old Indo-Aryan):
- Ashokan Prakrit: 𑀇𑀥 (idha)
- Pali: idha
- → Hindi: इह (ih)
- → Urdu: اهہ (ih)