jalka

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Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Short for jalgpall.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jalka (genitive jalka, partitive jalkat)

  1. (colloquial) footy, footie
    Synonym: jalgpall

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *jalka, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *jalka.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈjɑlkɑ/, [ˈjɑlkɑ]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɑlkɑ
  • Syllabification: jal‧ka

Noun[edit]

jalka

  1. foot
    Menin sinne jalan.
    I went there by foot / on foot / afoot.
    jalankulkijapedestrian
  2. foot (unit of measure)
  3. leg
  4. the lower limb of a human
  5. base, pedestal
  6. stipe (of a fungus)
  7. (electronics) pin of a microchip

Usage notes[edit]

jalka refers variously to the leg, foot or both. If context is required (such as in anatomy), jalkavarsi (leg) and jalkaterä (foot) are used. The former is not very common, since usually jalka is used for the leg when jalkaterä is used for the foot.

Declension[edit]

Unlike with most other nouns, an instructive singular form exists.

Inflection of jalka (Kotus type 9/kala, k- gradation)
nominative jalka jalat
genitive jalan jalkojen
partitive jalkaa jalkoja
illative jalkaan jalkoihin
singular plural
nominative jalka jalat
accusative nom. jalka jalat
gen. jalan
genitive jalan jalkojen
jalkainrare
partitive jalkaa jalkoja
inessive jalassa jaloissa
elative jalasta jaloista
illative jalkaan jalkoihin
adessive jalalla jaloilla
ablative jalalta jaloilta
allative jalalle jaloille
essive jalkana jalkoina
translative jalaksi jaloiksi
instructive jalan jaloin
abessive jalatta jaloitta
comitative jalkoineen
Possessive forms of jalka (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person jalkani jalkamme
2nd person jalkasi jalkanne
3rd person jalkansa

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Jalka.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *jalka, from Proto-Uralic *jalka. Cognates include Finnish jalka and Estonian jalg.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jalka (genitive jalan, partitive jalkaa)

  1. leg
  2. foot
    • 1936, V. I. Junus, Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 73:
      Paa kengät jalkaa.
      Put shoes on.
      (literally, “Put the shoes on the foot.”)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of jalka
singular plural
nominative jalka jalat
genitive jalan jalkoin
partitive jalkaa jalkoja
illative jalkaa jalkoihe
inessive jalaaz jaloiz
elative jalast jaloist
allative jalalle jaloille
adessive jalaal jaloil
ablative jalalt jaloilt
translative jalaks jaloiks
essive jalkaan jalkoin

References[edit]

  • Vitalij Chernyavskij, Ižoran keel (Ittseopastaja)[2], 2005, page 106

Karelian[edit]

Jalkoja.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *jalka, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *jalka. Cognates include Finnish jalka and Estonian jalg.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

jalka (genitive jalan, partitive jalkua)

  1. (North Karelian) foot, leg

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • P. M. Zaykov, Грамматика Карельского языка (фонетика и морфология) [Grammar of the Karelian language (phonetics and morphology)], 1999, →ISBN, page 47

Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *jalka, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *jalka.

Noun[edit]

jalka (genitive jalgaa, partitive jalkaa)

  1. leg

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • "jalka" in Vadja keele sõnaraamat