radiate

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin radiatus, past participle of radiare (to radiate, furnish with spokes, give out rays, radiate, shine), from radius (a spoke, ray).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (verb) IPA(key): /ˈɹeɪdieɪt/
  • (file)
  • (adjective) IPA(key): /ˈɹeɪdieɪt/, /ˈɹeɪdi.ət/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

radiate (third-person singular simple present radiates, present participle radiating, simple past and past participle radiated)

  1. To extend, send or spread out from a center like radii.
    • 1994, Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons, Parliamentary Debates
      Oban is not a terminus; its routes radiate by sea, rail and road.
    • 2021 May 19, Philip Haigh, “Doncaster enhancements relying on DfT approval”, in RAIL, number 931, page 30:
      Doncaster is a rail hub in every sense. Passenger lines radiate in six directions, there are freight lines that bypass the station, extensive freight yards, a major works, and a rolling stock depot.
  2. (transitive) To emit rays or waves.
    The stove radiates heat.
  3. (intransitive) To come out or proceed in rays or waves.
    The heat radiates from a stove.
    • 1706, John Locke, Elements of Natural Philosophy
      Light radiates from luminous bodies directly to our eyes.
    • 1988, Douglas Adams, The Long Dark Tea-Time of the Soul, William Heinemann Ltd, page 139:
      She raised her head, and carefully opened her eyes again, staring directly into the orange glow radiating through the thick glass.
  4. (transitive) To illuminate.
  5. To expose to ionizing radiation, such as by radiography.
  6. (transitive) To manifest oneself in a glowing manner.
  7. (ecology, intransitive) to spread into new habitats, migrate.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adjective[edit]

radiate (comparative more radiate, superlative most radiate)

  1. Radiating from a center; having rays or parts diverging from a center; radiated.
    a radiate crystal
  2. Surrounded by rays, such as the head of a saint in a religious picture.
  3. (botany) Having parts radiating from the center, like the petals in many flowers.
  4. (botany) Consisting of a disc in which the florets are tubular.
  5. (biology) Having radial symmetry, like a seastar.
  6. (zoology) Belonging to the Radiata.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

radiate (plural radiates)

  1. (zoology) One of the Radiata.

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Adverb[edit]

radiate

  1. present adverbial passive participle of radii

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

radiate

  1. second-person plural present subjunctive of radere

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

radiate

  1. inflection of radiare:
    1. second-person plural present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person plural imperative

Etymology 3[edit]

Participle[edit]

radiate f pl

  1. feminine plural of radiato

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

radiāte

  1. second-person plural present active imperative of radiō