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See also:
U+8EDB, 軛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8EDB

[U+8EDA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8EDC]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 159, +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 十十一尸山 (JJMSU), four-corner 51012, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1240, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38207
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1716, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3517, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+8EDB

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意) and phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qreːɡ): semantic  (chariot) + phonetic  (OC *qreːɡ, yoke) – specialized form of .

Etymology[edit]

Probably from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ʔik (to strangle), whence also (OC *qleːɡs, *qleɡs, “to strangle”).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • eh - vernacular;
    • ek/iak - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • nga4 - vernacular;
    • nge6 - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (119)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠɛk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚæk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɐk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔəɨjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /æk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔæk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    e
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    è
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔɛk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qˁ<r>[i]k/
    English part of a yoke

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2711
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qreːɡ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. yoke
    2. to restrain; to control

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): あく (aku), やく (yaku)
    • Kun: くびき (kubiki)

    Noun[edit]

    (くびき) (kubiki

    1. yoke (wooden bar)

    Alternative forms[edit]