z-

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Translingual[edit]

Prefix[edit]

z-

  1. (SI prefix) Abbreviation of zepto- (10−21).
    Coordinate term: Z-

English[edit]

Prefix[edit]

z-

  1. (computer graphics) z-axis

Derived terms[edit]

Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Early Proto-Albanian *dis- > *diš- > *dš- > *tš- > s- before unvoiced phonemes, z- before voiced phonemes. It is mainly connected with the formation of verbs.[1][2]

Prefix[edit]

z-

  1. be-, to-, dis-

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schumacher, S. & Matzinger, J. Die Verben des Altalbanischen. Belegwörterbuch, Vorgeschichte und Etymologie. Harrassowitz Verlag 2013. Wiesbaden.
  2. ^ Orel, Vladimir E. (2000) A concise historical grammar of the Albanian language: reconstruction of Proto-Albanian[1], Leiden, Boston, Köln: Brill, →ISBN, pages 173-174

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

z used as a prefix.

Prefix[edit]

z-

  1. a prefix, to form perfective verbs
  2. a prefix, indicating a change of state

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • z-/ze- in Slovník afixů užívaných v češtině, 2017

Kashubian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

z-

  1. used to form the perfect aspect of verbs
  2. added to verbs in various meanings

Maltese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Article[edit]

z-

  1. Alternative form of il-

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used after a vowel and before the letter z. For details on usage, see the main lemma.

Old Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /s/, /s/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /s/, /s/

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sъ- (good).

Prefix[edit]

z-

  1. Forms words with positive meanings.
Descendants[edit]
  • Polish: z-
  • Silesian: z-

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *sъ- (with).

Prefix[edit]

z-

  1. Attached to verbs to form verbs denoting getting something together.
  2. Down from.
Descendants[edit]
  • Polish: z-
  • Silesian: z-

Etymology 3[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *jьz-, prefix form of *jьz.

Prefix[edit]

z-

  1. Forms perfective verbs from imperfective ones
  2. Off, out or from.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Polish: z-
  • Silesian: z-

Polish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /z/, (before sz, s, h) /s/

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish z-. Doublet of eu-.

Prefix[edit]

z-

  1. Forms words with positive meaning
    z- + ‎część + ‎-e → ‎szczęście
    z- + ‎pokój → ‎spokój

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish z-. Doublet of ko- and kon-.

Prefix[edit]

z-

  1. Attached to verbs to form verbs denoting getting something together.
    z- + ‎brać → ‎zebrać
    z- + ‎prowadzić → ‎sprowadzić
    z- + ‎pisać → ‎spisać
    z- + ‎grać → ‎zgrać
    z- + ‎szyć → ‎zszyć
    z- + ‎łączyć → ‎złączyć
  2. Down from.
    z- + ‎jazda → ‎zjazd
    z- + ‎nosić → ‎znosić
    z- + ‎iść → ‎zejść

Etymology 3[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish z-. Doublet of eks-.

Prefix[edit]

z-

  1. Used before vowels or voiced consonants, sibilants (s, sz, z, ż), as well as h and semivowels (j, ł) to form a verb in a perfective aspect from a verb in an imperfective aspect.
    z- + ‎decydować → ‎zdecydować
    z- + ‎dzielać → ‎zdzielać
    z- + ‎denerwować → ‎zdenerwować
    z- + ‎gnieść → ‎zgnieść
    z- + ‎hańbić → ‎zhańbić
    z- + ‎irytować → ‎zirytować
    z- + ‎jeść → ‎zjeść
    z- + ‎łamać → ‎złamać
    z- + ‎martwić → ‎zmartwić
    z- + ‎niszczyć → ‎zniszczyć
    z- + ‎orientować → ‎zorientować
    z- + ‎ranić → ‎zranić
    z- + ‎robić → ‎zrobić
    z- + ‎szokować → ‎zszokować
    z- + ‎wiedzić → ‎zwiedzić
  2. Off, out or from.
    z- + ‎jąć (take) → ‎zdjąć (take off)
    z- + ‎rwać (tear) → ‎zerwać (tear off)
    z- + ‎pod (under) → ‎spód (bottom), spod (from under)
Derived terms[edit]

Slovene[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sъ(n). Prefixed form of the preposition z.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

z-

  1. Forms perfective verbs with the following meanings:
    1. (no change in meaning)
      z- + ‎budīti (to wake) → ‎zbudīti (to wake)
    2. away, aside, down
      z- + ‎téči (to run) → ‎stéči (to run away)
    3. up
      z- + ‎lẹ́sti (to climb) → ‎zlẹ́sti (to climb up)
    4. together
      z- + ‎varīti (to weld) → ‎zvarīti (to weld together)

Usage notes[edit]

Before voiceless consonants, the variant s- is used. Before the sibilants s or z, the variant se- is used.

Derived terms[edit]