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See also: kuwu



Possibly from Proto-Cariban *kɨwɨ. Compare Waiwai kïwï and (with suffixed emphatic particle) Hixkaryana kɨwro; but note forms such as Trió kïmë, Wayana kunmë, that suggest only the initial *kɨ- element may be reconstructible to Proto-Cariban. By surface analysis, k(ü)- (first-person inclusive prefix) + a singular/dual personal pronoun base *wü.




  1. the first-person inclusive dual pronoun; you and I, me and you, the two of us.

Usage notes[edit]

Verbs agreeing with this pronoun take singular agreement.



  • Cáceres, Natalia (2011), “küwü”, in Grammaire Fonctionnelle-Typologique du Ye’kwana, Lyon, page 120
  • Hall, Katherine Lee (1988) The morphosyntax of discourse in De'kwana Carib, volume I and II, Saint Louis, Missouri: PhD Thesis, Washington University, page 282
  • Hall, Katherine (2007), “kɨwɨ”, in Mary Ritchie Key & Bernard Comrie, editors, The Intercontinental Dictionary Series[1], Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, published 2021
  • Meira, Sérgio (2002), “A first comparison of pronominal and demonstrative systems in the Cariban language family”, in Mily Crevels, Simon van de Kerke, Sergio Meira and Hein van der Voort, editors, Current Studies on South American Languages[2], Leiden: Research School of Asian, African, and American Studies (CNWS), Leiden University, →ISBN, pages 255–275