عبد

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See also: ع ب د

Arabic[edit]

عَبْدٌ
عَمَّاتٌ

Etymology[edit]

From the root ع ب د (ʿ-b-d). The noun sense can be faithfully reconstructed to Proto-Semitic *ʿabd-.

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَبْد (ʿabdm (plural عَبِيد (ʿabīd) or عُبْدَان (ʿubdān), feminine أَمَة (ʾama))

  1. slave, serf
  2. bondsman, servant
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَبْد (ʿabdm (plural عِبَاد (ʿibād))

  1. servant of God, human being, man
    الْعِبَاد (al-ʿibād)humanity, mankind
    الْعَبْدُ لِلّٰهِ (al-ʿabdu lillāhi)I (first-person pronoun showing modesty)
Declension[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَبَدَ (ʿabada) I, non-past يَعْبُدُ‎ (yaʿbudu)

  1. to worship, to venerate
Conjugation[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَبَّدَ (ʿabbada) II, non-past يُعَبِّدُ‎ (yuʿabbidu)

  1. to enslave, to subjugate, to subject
Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Swahili: abada (borrowing)

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “عبد”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, ISBN 0-87950-003-4

Libyan Arabic[edit]

Noun[edit]

عبد (ʿabədm (عبيد (ʿbīd) and عبدّة (ʿbədda) pl [only for sense 1])

  1. slave
  2. (pejorative) black man

Verb[edit]

عبد (ʿbad)

  1. to worship

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَبْد (ʿabd).

Noun[edit]

Dari عبد
Iranian Persian عبد
Tajik абд (abd)

عبد ('abd)

  1. slave
  2. servant

Synonyms[edit]