عبد

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See also: ع ب د

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ع ب د(ʿ-b-d). Noun sense can be faithfully reconstructed to Proto-Semitic *ʿabd-.

Noun[edit]

عَبْد ‎(ʿabdm ‎(plural عَبِيد(ʿabīd) or عُبْدَان(ʿubdān), feminine أَمَة(ʾama))

  1. slave, serf
  2. bondsman, servant

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَبْد ‎(ʿabdm ‎(plural عِبَاد(ʿibād))

  1. servant of God, human being, man
    الْعِبَاد(al-ʿibād)humanity, mankind
    الْعَبْدُ لِلّٰهِ(al-ʿabdu lillāhi)I (first-person pronoun showing modesty)

Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَبَدَ ‎(ʿabada) I, non-past يَعْبُدُ‎ (yaʿbudu)

  1. to worship, to venerate

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَبَّدَ ‎(ʿabbada) II, non-past يُعَبِّدُ‎ (yuʿabbidu)

  1. to enslave, to subjugate, to subject

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Swahili: abada (borrowing)

Libyan Arabic[edit]

Noun[edit]

عبد (ʿabəd), عبيد (ʿbīd) pl, عبدّة (ʿbədda) pl (only for sense 1)

  1. slave
  2. (pejorative) black man

Verb[edit]

عبد (ʿbad)

  1. to worship

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَبْد(ʿabd).

Noun[edit]

Dari عبد
Iranian Persian عبد
Tajik абд(abd)

عبد ‎('abd)

  1. slave
  2. servant

Synonyms[edit]