عبد

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ع ب د (ʿ-b-d). Noun sense can be faithfully reconstructed to Proto-Semitic *ʿabd-.

Noun[edit]

عَبْد (ʿabdm, plurals عَبِيد (ʿabīd)‎ or عُبْدان (ʿubdān)‎

  1. slave, serf
  2. bondsman, servant

عَبْد (ʿabdm, plural عِبَاد (ʿibād)‎

  1. servant of God, human being, man
    العباد (al-ʿibād) — humanity, mankind
    العبد لله (al-ʿábdu li-llāh) — I (first-person pronoun showing modesty)

Verb[edit]

عَبَدَ (ʿábada) (perfect, Verb form I)

  1. to worship, to venerate

عَبَّدَ (ʿábbada) (perfect, Verb form II)

  1. to enslave, to subjugate, to subject

Descendants[edit]

  • Swahili: abada (borrowing)

Libyan Arabic[edit]

Noun[edit]

عبد (ʿabəd), عبيد (ʿbīd) pl, عبدّة (ʿbədda) pl (only for sense 1)

  1. slave
  2. (pejorative) black man

Verb[edit]

عبد (ʿbad)

  1. to worship

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عبد (ʿabd).

Noun[edit]

Dari عبد
Iranian Persian عبد
Tajik абд (abd)

عبد ('abd)

  1. slave
  2. servant

Synonyms[edit]