عبد

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See also: ع ب د

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ع ب د(ʿ-b-d). Noun sense can be faithfully reconstructed to Proto-Semitic *ʿabd-.

Noun[edit]

عَبْد (ʿabdm (plural عَبِيد(ʿabīd) or عُبْدَان(ʿubdān), feminine أَمَة(ʾama))

  1. slave, serf
  2. bondsman, servant

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَبْد (ʿabdm (plural عِبَاد(ʿibād))

  1. servant of God, human being, man
    الْعِبَاد(al-ʿibād)humanity, mankind
    الْعَبْدُ لِلّٰهِ(al-ʿabdu lillāhi)I (first-person pronoun showing modesty)

Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَبَدَ (ʿabada) I, non-past يَعْبُدُ‎ (yaʿbudu)

  1. to worship, to venerate

Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَبَّدَ (ʿabbada) II, non-past يُعَبِّدُ‎ (yuʿabbidu)

  1. to enslave, to subjugate, to subject

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Swahili: abada (borrowing)

Libyan Arabic[edit]

Noun[edit]

عبد (ʿabəd) invalid IPA characters (ʿ), عبيد (ʿbīd) invalid IPA characters (ʿ) pl, عبدّة (ʿbədda) invalid IPA characters (ʿ) pl (only for sense 1)

  1. slave
  2. (pejorative) black man

Verb[edit]

عبد (ʿbad) invalid IPA characters (ʿ)

  1. to worship

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَبْد(ʿabd).

Noun[edit]

Dari عبد
Iranian Persian عبد
Tajik абд(abd)

عبد ('abd)

  1. slave
  2. servant

Synonyms[edit]