két

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See also: ket, Ket, kết, and -ket

Hungarian[edit]

Hungarian numbers (edit)
20
 ←  1 2 3  → 
    Cardinal: kettő, két
    Nominal: kettes
    Ordinal: második
    Day of month: másodika
    Adverbial ordinal: másodszor(ra),
    másodjára

    Adverbial: kétszer
    Multiplier: kétszeres, kettős, dupla
    Distributive: kettesével
    Collective: mindkét, mindkettő
    Fractional: fél, ketted
    Number of people: ketten

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈkeːt]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eːt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Uralic *käktä.[1][2]

Numeral[edit]

két

  1. two (only as counter before nouns)
    két embertwo people
    Synonym: kettő
Usage notes[edit]
  • Kettő (as well as its compounds like tizenkettő (12)) is normally used on its own (as a number, in the predicate, or a short reference to a noun phrase with this quantity). It can also be used in an emphatic way before nouns.
  • Két (as well as its compounds like tizenkét) can only stand before a noun (or an adjective and a noun) but never on its own.

Note that the same syntactic difference exists between kicsi and kis in Hungarian, both of which mean ’small’. Their distribution is comparable to that of sick and ill in English: they are ill (cf. kettő, kicsi, when used on their own) vs. sick people (cf. két, kis, i.e. used attributively (before a noun). As a rule of thumb, the shorter variants (két, kis) can never stand on their own.

Derived terms[edit]
Compound words
Expressions

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

két

  1. (obsolete, poetic) doubt
    Synonyms: kétség, kétely

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #227 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  2. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • (two): két in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.
  • (doubt): két in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Probably from French perroquet.

Noun[edit]

(classifier con) két (, 𪁄)

  1. (chiefly Southern Vietnam) parrot
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably from French paquet or English packet.

Noun[edit]

(classifier cái, chiếc) két

  1. safe; strongbox; coffer; lockbox
  2. case (used to store glass bottles of beer or soft drink)