غم

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See also: عم

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root غ م م(ḡ-m-m).

Verb[edit]

غَمَّ (ḡamma) I, non-past يَغُمُّ‎‎ (yaḡummu)

  1. to cover, to veil, to shroud
  2. (passive) to be obscure, to be unapparent
    • فَإِنْ غُمَّ عَلَيْكُمْ فَاقْدِرُوا ثَلَاثِينَ ‏
      faʾin ḡumma ʿalaykum fāqdirū ṯalāṯīna
      If [the sky] is masked for you [by clouds], then calculate thirty days [for the month of Ramaḍān.
  3. to fill with grief, to grief, to chagrin

Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

غَمّ (ḡammm (plural غُمُوم(ḡumūm))

  1. grief, sorrow, chagrin
    • =
      وَتَدْنُو الشَّمْسُ، فَيَبْلُغُ النَّاسَ مِنَ الْغَمِّ وَالْكَرْبِ مَا لَا يُطِيقُونَ وَلَا يَحْتَمِلُونَ
      wa-tadnū š-šamsu, fa-yabluḡu n-nāsa mina l-ḡammi wa-l-karbi mā lā yuṭīqūna wa-lā yaḥtamilūna
      The sun will come so close to the people that they will suffer such distress and trouble as they will not be able to bear or stand.

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: gamar-se
  • Pashto: غم
  • Persian: غم
    • Ottoman Turkish: قان(gam)
    • Urdu: غم

References[edit]

  • Freytag, Georg, “غم”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum[1] (in Latin), volume 3, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, 1835, pages 292–293
  • Lane, Edward William, “غم”, in Arabic-English Lexicon[2], London: Williams & Norgate, 1863, page 2289
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz, “غم”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart[3] (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, 1985, published 2011, →ISBN, page 926

Pashto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic غَمّ(ḡamm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

غم (ǧamm

  1. grief, sorrow

Derived terms[edit]


Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic غَمّ(ḡamm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

غم (ğam)

  1. grief, sorrow

Derived terms[edit]


Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian غم(ǧam), from Arabic غَمّ(ḡamm)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

غم (ġamm (Hindi spelling ग़म)

  1. grief, sorrow
    اُس کی موت پر گہرا غم منایا گیا۔‎‎
    uskī maut par gahrā ġam manāyā gayā.
    His death was deeply mourned.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]