Baal

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See also: baal, bål, baʼal, Baʿal, and Ba'al

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin Baal (as in the Vulgate) and Ancient Greek Βάαλ (Báal), from Hebrew בעל(bá`al, lord, husband), from Proto-Semitic *baʿl- (owner, lord, husband).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Baal (countable and uncountable, plural Baals or Baalim)

  1. (mythology, biblical) A storm and fertility god of the Phoenician and Canaanite pantheons, reckoned as chief of the gods by the 1st millennium BC.
  2. (mythology, biblical, sometimes lowercase) Various other Baalim, understood as distinct patron gods or as local patron aspects the great god Baal.
  3. (Christianity) One of the demons or fallen angels of Satan.

Usage notes[edit]

The latinized spelling and anglicized pronunciation is still used for the expanded senses, but modern scholarship increasingly notes the ayin of the original name by spelling it Baʿal or Ba'al and pronouncing it more in line with the original Hebrew form. Misunderstood as a solar deity by 19th century scholarship; misunderstood as a collective term for various patron gods by 19th and 20th century scholarship prior to the discovery of inscriptions at Ugarit showing these to have been understood as aspects of a single divinity, whose worship gradually supplanted that of El. These aspects are sometimes distinguished by epithets: Baalberith, Beelzebub, Beelzebul, etc.

The Hebraic plural Baalim is particularly used for its appearances in the Bible, where it may refer to gods or idols of the god. The anglicized plural is more common in other contexts.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, 1st ed. "Baal, n. Oxford University Press (Oxford), 1885.
  2. ^ Wells, John C. (2008) Longman Pronunciation Dictionary, 3rd edition, Longman, →ISBN
  3. ^ Merriam-Webster Online. "baal". 2015.
  4. ^ Webb's Easy Bible Names Pronunciation Guide. "Baal". Steven Webb (Riverside), 2012.

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested as barla around 850. Compound of bar (barren, bare) and lo (light forest). Compare Baarle-Hertog, Baarle-Nassau, Baarlo, Bahr, Barlo and Hoog-Baarlo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: Baal

Proper noun[edit]

Baal n

  1. A hamlet in Lingewaard, Gelderland, Netherlands.

Derived terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Baal m

  1. Baal

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek Βάαλ (Báal), from Hebrew בַּעַל(báʿal), from Proto-Semitic *baʿl-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Baal m (indeclinable)

  1. Baal

Anagrams[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Hebrew בעל‎.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈba.al/
  • Rhymes: -aal
  • Syllabification: Ba‧al

Proper noun[edit]

Baal m pers

  1. (mythology, biblical) Baal (storm and fertility god of the Phoenician and Canaanite pantheons)
  2. (figuratively) false god

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

noun

Further reading[edit]

  • Baal in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • Baal in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Saterland Frisian[edit]

n Baal (1).
n Baal (2).

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian *bal, from Proto-West Germanic [Term?], from Proto-Germanic *balluz. Cognates include West Frisian bal and German Ball.

The sense "social gathering for dancing" is a semantic loan from German Ball, from French bal.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Baal m (plural Bale)

  1. ball (round object)
  2. ball (social gathering for dancing)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Marron C. Fort (2015), “Baal”, in Saterfriesisches Wörterbuch mit einer phonologischen und grammatischen Übersicht, Buske, →ISBN