בעל

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Root
ב־ע־ל

From Proto-Semitic *baʿl-

Noun[edit]

בַּעַל ‎(bá`alm ‎(plural indefinite בְּעָלִים, singular construct בַּעַל־, plural construct בַּעֲלֵי־) [pattern: קֶטֶל]

  1. Master, owner.
  2. Husband, male spouse.
Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • To avoid any ambiguity or hint of sexism, most modern speakers keep the two senses of בעל strictly distinct as follows:
    • When בעל has the sense of husband, it is always inflected to indicate a possessor. In the case that its possessor is not a personal pronoun, this produces some redundancy; for example, "Miriam's husband" is translated as בעלה של מרים ‎(ba`aláh shel Miryam), which literally means "her-husband of Miriam". (This sort of construction can occur with other nouns as well, but usually only in more formal contexts.)
    • When בעל has the sense of owner, it is never so inflected.
  • However, some speakers do consider it sexist to use בעל with the sense of husband after all, instead preferring the word איש ‎('ish, man), as it is more directly analogous to the word אישה ‎('isháh, woman, wife).

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

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Verb[edit]

בָּעַל ‎(ba'ál) ‎(pa'al construction)

  1. (dated) to have sexual intercourse
    • a. 500 CE, Babylonian Talmud, Chagigah 15:a:
      יכול אני לבעול כמה בעילות בלא דם
      "I can have intercourse multiple times without [causing] bleeding."

Proper noun[edit]

בַּעַל ‎(bá'alm [pattern: קֶטֶל]

  1. Baal, a Canaanite deity.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]