איש

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Root
א־נ־שׁ

From Proto-Semitic *ʾš (man, person). Compare cognates in other Semitic languages (e.g. Moabite, Aramaic, etc.) ('šm in some).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

אִישׁ ('ishm (plural indefinite אֲנָשִׁים‎, singular construct אִישׁ־, plural construct אַנְשֵׁי־‎, feminine counterpart אישה \ אִשָּׁה‎)

  1. A man, adult male human being.
  2. A husband, a male spouse.
    • 2 Kings 4:26, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      עַתָּה רוּץ נָא לִקְרָאתָהּ וֶאֱמָר לָהּ הֲשָׁלוֹם לָךְ הֲשָׁלוֹם לְאִישֵׁךְ הֲשָׁלוֹם לַיָּלֶד וַתֹּאמֶר שָׁלוֹם.‎‎
      atá rúts ná lik'ratáh ve'emár láh hashalóm lákh hashalóm l'ishékh hashalóm layéled vatómer shalóm
      Run, I pray thee, now to meet her, and say unto her: Is it well with thee? is it well with thy husband? is it well with the child?' And she answered: 'It is well.'
  3. (slang) Man, dude, used as a term of address.
Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

אִישׁ ('ishm

  1. (formal, in negative sentences) Anyone.
    רבים ניסו, אך איש לא הצליח.‎‎
    rabím nisú, akh ish lo hitzlíakh.
    Many tried, but none [literally not a man] succeeded.

References[edit]