Borrowed from French compagnon, derived in turn from Old French compaignon, derived from Late Latin compāniō (“comrade”), derived from com- (“with”) and pānis (“bread”), derived in turn from a calque of Proto-Germanic *ga- (“together, with”) and *hlaibaz (“loaf, bread”). See also compagnie and kompaan.
- companion, friend, partner [From 1574]
- partner in a business, associate. [From 1570]
- → Indonesian: kompanyon
Inherited from Old French compaignon, from Late Latin compāniōnem (literally “he with whom one shares one's bread”) (compare Italian compagnone, Spanish compañón), from com- (“with”) + pānis (“bread”), first attested in the Frankish Lex Salica as a calque of a Germanic word represented by Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌷𐌻𐌰𐌹𐌱𐌰 (gahlaiba, “messmate”) from 𐌲𐌰- (ga-, “with”) + 𐌷𐌻𐌰𐌹𐍆𐍃 (hlaifs, “bread”), Old High German galeipo, itself from Proto-Germanic *ga- (“togetherness”) + *hlaibaz (“loaf, bread”). Compare with the etymologically related terms copain and compagnie. More at co-, loaf.
- lifelong partner, significant other
- friend, buddy, pal