Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



From Old French compaignon, from Late Latin compāniō (literally he with whom one shares one's bread) (compare Italian compagnone, Spanish compañón), from com- (with) + pānis (bread), first attested in the Frankish Lex Salica as a calque of a Germanic word represented by Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌷𐌻𐌰𐌹𐌱𐌰 (gahlaiba, messmate) from 𐌲𐌰- (ga-, with) + 𐌷𐌻𐌰𐌹𐍆𐍃 (hlaifs, bread), Old High German galeipo, itself from Proto-Germanic *ga- (togetherness) + *hlaibaz (loaf, bread). Compare with the etymologically related terms copain and compagnie. More at co-, loaf.


  • IPA(key): /kɔ̃.pa.ɲɔ̃/
  • (file)


compagnon m (plural compagnons, feminine compagne)

  1. lifelong partner
    Synonyms: mari, femme, partenaire, conjoint, conjointe
  2. companion
  3. friend, buddy, pal
    Synonyms: ami, copain, pot, (Quebec) chum

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Danish: kompagnon
  • German: Kompagnon

Further reading[edit]