صاحب

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See also: صاحت

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Active participle of صَحِبَ(ṣaḥiba, to accompany), from the root ص ح ب(ṣ-ḥ-b).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

صَاحِب (ṣāḥibm (plural أَصْحَاب(ʾaṣḥāb) or صُحْبَان(ṣuḥbān) or صِحَاب(ṣiḥāb) or صَحْب(ṣaḥb), feminine صَاحِبَة(ṣāḥiba))

  1. associate, companion, comrade, friend
  2. adherent, follower
  3. (with a following genitive) man, owner, possessor, holder, master, lord, commander, representative, author
    Synonym: ذُو(ḏū)
    Hyponym: مَالِك(mālik)
  4. inhabitant, dweller
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 9:70:
      أَلَمْ يَأْتِهِمْ نَبَأُ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ قَوْمِ نُوحٍ وَعَادٍ وَثَمُودَ وَقَوْمِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَأَصْحَابِ مَدْيَنَ وَالْمُؤْتَفِكَاتِ ۚ أَتَتْهُمْ رُسُلُهُم بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ ۖ فَمَا كَانَ اللَّهُ لِيَظْلِمَهُمْ وَلَٰكِن كَانُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ
      ʾalam yaʾtihim nabaʾu allaḏīna min qablihim qawmi nūḥin waʿādin waṯamūda waqawmi ʾibrāhīma waʾaṣḥābi madyana wālmuʾtafikāti ʾatathum rusuluhum bi-l-bayyināti famā kāna l-lahu liyaẓlimahum walākin kānū ʾanfusahum yaẓlimūna
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  5. warden
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 74:31:
      وَمَا جَعَلْنَا أَصْحَابَ النَّارِ إِلَّا مَلَائِكَةً []
      wamā jaʿalnā ʾaṣḥāba n-nāri ʾillā malāʾikatan []
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

صَاحَبَ (ṣāḥaba) III, non-past يُصَاحِبُ‎‎ (yuṣāḥibu)

  1. To accompany, to go with

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “صحب”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic صَاحِب(ṣāḥib).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

صاحِب (ṣāḥibm (feminine singular صاحبة‎ (ṣāḥba), plural أصحاب‎ (ʼaṣḥāb), feminine plural صاحبات‎ (ṣāḥbāt))

  1. friend, companion
    أنا مَع صَاحْبي
    ana maʿ ṣāḥbi
    I'm with my friend
  2. (with a following genitive) owner, possessor, representative

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic صَاحِب(ṣāḥib).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sˤaːħɪb/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

صاحب (ṣāḥebm (plural صحاب(ṣḥāb), feminine صاحبة(ṣāḥba), diminutive صحيب(ṣḥiyyab))

  1. friend
    Synonym: عشير(ʕšīr)

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

صاحب (sahib)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Descendants[edit]


Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic صَاحِب(ṣāḥib).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian صاحب
Iranian Persian
Tajik соҳиб (sohib)

صاحب (sâheb) (plural صاحبان(sâhebân) or صاحب‌ها(sâheb-hâ))

  1. master
  2. owner
    Synonym: مالک(mâlek)
  3. lord

Punjabi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic صَاحِب(ṣāḥib).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

صاحب (sāhabm (Gurmukhi spelling ਸਾਹਿਬ)

  1. master
  2. owner
  3. lord
    Synonym: مالک(mālak)

Proper noun[edit]

صاحب (sāhabm (Gurmukhi spelling ਸਾਹਿਬ)

  1. (Sikhism) God
    • Guru Granth Sahib, Guru Nanak, translation by Dr. Sant Singh Khalsa, ang 469:
      توں سچا صاحب صفت سوالیؤ جن کیتی سو پار پئیا
      tū̃ sachā sāhib sift suāliu jin kītī so pār peā
      You are the True Lord and Master; Your Praise is so beautiful. One who sings it, is carried across.
    Synonyms: ربّ(rab), واہےگُرو(wāhegurū)

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian صاحب(sāheb), from Arabic صَاحِب(ṣāḥib).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

صاحب (sāhibm (Hindi spelling साहिब)

  1. sir
  2. mister
  3. lord