-eth

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See also: eth, Eth, ETH, Eth., and eth-

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English -eth, -th, from Old English -eþ, -aþ, , from Proto-Germanic *-þi, *-di, from Proto-Indo-European *-ti.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • There is some evidence that verbs written with this ending in Early Modern English were pronounced as if they ended in -s, which was common in speech before becoming common in writing. Alternatively (or in addition to the former) the Northumbrian dialect of Old English's third-person singular present indicative suffix, -s, may have eventually displaced the -eth suffix.

Suffix[edit]

-eth

  1. (archaic) Used to form the third-person singular present tense of verbs.
    goeth, playeth
  2. (humorous) replaces -s or -es (of verb forms and noun plurals), or is appended to other verb forms, forming nonce, pseudoarchaic versions of the word
    I emaileth, he emaileth; thou saideth; he killedeth.
Coordinate terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English -th, -eth, -the, -ethe, from Old English -þa, -þe, -oþa, from Proto-Germanic *-þô, *-tô, *-udô, *-dô, from Proto-Indo-European *-tós.

Suffix[edit]

-eth

  1. used to create ordinal numbers from cardinal numbers ending in -y, namely the multiples of ten (other than ten itself): 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, and 90; e.g. twentieth, thirtieth.