अस्ति

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- ‎(to be).

Verb[edit]

अस्ति ‎(ásti) ‎(class 2 present, root अस्)

  1. to be
  2. to live
  3. to exist, be present
  4. to take place, happen
  5. to abide, dwell, stay
  6. to belong to (+ genitive or dative)
  7. to fall to the share of. happen to any one (+ genitive)
  8. to be equal to (+ dative)
  9. to turn out, tend towards any result, prove (with dative)
  10. to become
  11. to be (i.e. used as copula, but not only with adjective, but also with adverb)

Conjugation[edit]

present tense (gaṇa #2 / parasmaipada)
person singular dual plural
1st person (अहम्) अस्मि (ásmi) ‎((aham) asmi (ásmi)) (आवाम्) स्वः (svaḥ) ‎((āvām) svaḥ (svaḥ)) (वयम्) समः (smaḥ) ‎((vayam) samaḥ (smaḥ))
2nd person (त्वम्) असि (asi) ‎((tvam) asi (asi)) (युवाम्) स्थः (sthaḥ) ‎((yuvām) sthaḥ (sthaḥ)) (यूयम्) स्थ (stha) ‎((yūyam) stha (stha))
3rd person (सः/, तत्, सा) अस्ति (asti) ‎((saḥ/sa, tat, sā) asti (asti)) (तौ, ते, ते) स्तः (staḥ) ‎((tau, te, te) staḥ (staḥ)) (ते, तानि, ताः) सन्ति (santi) ‎((te, tāni, tāḥ) santi (santi))

References[edit]

  • Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary, page 122