livor

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin līvor.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

livor (countable and uncountable, plural livors)

  1. (pathology) Skin discoloration, as from a bruise, or occurring after death.
  2. (obsolete) Malice.
    • 1624, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy: [], 2nd edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 54573970:
      To see a man [...] magnify his friend unworthy with hyperbolical elogiums; his enemy, albeit a good man, to vilify and disgrace him, yea, all his actions, with the utmost livor and malice can invent.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From līveō (I am bluish; I envy) +‎ -or (noun forming suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

līvor m (genitive līvōris); third declension

  1. A bruise.
  2. A bluish color.
  3. (figuratively) envy, malice

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative līvor līvōrēs
Genitive līvōris līvōrum
Dative līvōrī līvōribus
Accusative līvōrem līvōrēs
Ablative līvōre līvōribus
Vocative līvor līvōrēs

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: livor
  • Italian: livore
  • Portuguese: livor
  • Spanish: livor

References[edit]

  • livor in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • livor in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • livor in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • livor in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • lívor” in Leo F. Stelten, editor (1995) Dictionary of ecclesiastical Latin: with an appendix of Latin expressions defined and clarified, Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson Publishers, page 152/1

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin līvor.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /liˈboɾ/, [liˈβ̞oɾ]

Noun[edit]

livor m (plural livores)

  1. a bluish color
  2. malice, malignity
    Synonyms: maldad, malicia, malignidad
  3. (archaic, literary) bruise
    Synonyms: cardenal, moretón

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]