Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: and
U+86CD, 蛍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-86CD

[U+86CC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+86CE]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

Japanese shinjitai character. Simplified from (𭕄).

Han character[edit]

(radical 142, +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 火月中一戈 (FBLMI), composition𰃮)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1081, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32983
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): not present, would follow volume 4, page 2845, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+86CD

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“firefly”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほたる
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)
Wikipedia-logo.png
 ホタル on Japanese Wikipedia

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshú, compiled some time after 759 CE.[1] Ultimate derivation unknown.

  • The initial ho element is almost certainly the ancient form of (hi, fire), which appears as ho in compounds such as (honō, flame, originally from ho no ho) or 火屋 (hoya, lamp chimney).
  • Various theories exist regarding the taru portion. This may be from classical verb 垂る (taru, to hang down, to droop, in reference to a firefly's posterior; modern form 垂れる (tareru)), or a vowel shift from verb 照る (teru, to shine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(ほたる) (hotaru (kyūjitai )

  1. a firefly
    ()()(はか)
    Hotaru no Haka
    Grave of the Fireflies
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(ほたる) (Hotaru

  1. a female given name

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
けい
Grade: S
kan’on
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese (MC ɦweŋ, “firefly”).

Affix[edit]

(けい) (kei

  1. used in various compounds to refer to fluorescence

Proper noun[edit]

(けい) (Kei

  1. a female given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 13, poem 3344), text here
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hyeong) (hangeul , revised hyeong, McCune–Reischauer hyŏng, Yale hyeng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.