Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+86CD, 蛍
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-86CD

[U+86CC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+86CE]
See also: and

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology[edit]

Japanese shinjitai character. Simplified from ().

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 火月中一戈 (FBLMI), composition)

  1. glow-worm, luminous insect

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 1081, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32983
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 4, page 2845, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+86CD

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
ほたる
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Wikipedia-logo.png
 ホタル on Japanese Wikipedia

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshú, compiled some time after 759 CE.[1] Ultimate derivation unknown.

  • The initial ho element is almost certainly the ancient form of (hi, fire), which appears as ho in compounds such as (honō, flame, originally from ho no ho) or 火屋 (hoya, lamp chimney).
  • Various theories exist regarding the taru portion. This may be from classical verb 垂る (taru, to hang down, to droop, in reference to a firefly's posterior; modern form 垂れる (tareru)), or a vowel shift from verb 照る (teru, to shine).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ほたる, katakana ホタル, rōmaji hotaru)

  1. a firefly
     () () (はか)
    Hotaru no Haka
    Grave of the Fireflies
    • 1991 July 15, Adachi, Mitsuru, “ほうこなまき [Magical Powder]”, in 虹色とうがらしNIJI-IRO TOHGARASHI [Rainbow-Colored Chilis], volume 4 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-122464-4, page 30:
      わ——きれい! (つか)まえて、 () () (にい)ちゃん。
      Wa—— Kirei! Tsukamaete, Keshi-nī-chan.
      Wow—— So beautiful! Catch them for me, Keshi-nī-chan.
      しってるか、ホタルってのは (むし)だぞ。
      Shitteru ka, hotarutte no wa mushi da zo.
      Did you not know fireflies were insects too?
      わ——きれい。
      Wa—— Kirei.
      Wow—— So beautiful.
       (かっ) () (やつ)だ。
      Katte na yatsu da.
      She’s pretty self-serving, I must say.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
けい
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (/ɦweŋ/, firefly).

Affix[edit]

(hiragana けい, rōmaji kei)

  1. used in various compounds to refer to fluorescence

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana けい, rōmaji Kei)

  1. A male or female given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 13, poem 3344), text here
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hyeong) (hangeul , revised hyeong, McCune-Reischauer hyŏng, Yale hyeng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.