業火

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See also: 业火

Chinese[edit]

business; occupation; study
 
fire; angry; fierce; fiery; thriving
trad. (業火)
simp. (业火)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (31) (32)
Final () (147) (95)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨɐp̚/ /huɑX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiɐp̚/ /huɑX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiɐp̚/ /xuɑX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɨap̚/ /hwaX/
Li
Rong
/ŋiap̚/ /xuɑX/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭɐp̚/ /xuɑX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ɐp̚/ /xuɑX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huǒ

Noun[edit]

業火

  1. (Buddhism) hellfire

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
ごう
Grade: 3

Grade: 1
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

/ɡapukwa//ɡafukwa//ɡawukwa//ɡaukwa//ɡɔːkwa//ɡoːkwa//ɡoːka/

From Middle Chinese compound 業火 (MC ŋɨɐp̚ huɑX, literally “karmic fire”). Compare modern Mandarin 業火.

Buddhist term, imported into Japanese when Buddhism was introduced to Japan, some time during the Kofun, Asuka, and Nara periods.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

業火 (hiragana ごうか, rōmaji gōka, historical hiragana がふくわ)

  1. (Buddhism) hellfire

Antonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN