日向

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Chinese[edit]

 
day; sun; date; day of the month; Japan (abbrev.)
 
direction; part; side; towards; to; guide; opposite to
simp. and trad.
(日向)
anagram 向日
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Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Japanese 日向 (Hyūga).

Pronunciation[edit]


Proper noun[edit]

日向

  1. () Hyūga, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
なた
Grade: 3
Irregular

Etymology 1[edit]

/pi1 na ta/ invalid IPA characters (1)/pinata//finata//hinata/

Compound of (hi, sun) +‎ (na, archaic possessive particle) +‎ (ta, direction, side, the same ta element found in terms such as あなた (anata, you, originally “that side (distant)”), そなた (sonata, you, archaic; originally “that side (nearby)”)).[1] The use of in the spelling is an example of ateji (当て字).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

日向 (hiragana ひなた, rōmaji hinata)

  1. the direction the sun is shining
  2. a sunny spot, a place in the sun
    Antonyms: 日陰 (hikage)
Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

日向 (hiragana ひなた, rōmaji Hinata)

  1. a place name
  2. a female given name
  3. a surname​.

日向 (hiragana ひなだ, rōmaji Hinada)

  1. a place name

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
むか
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

/pi1 muka/ invalid IPA characters (1)/pimuka//fimuka//himuka/

From Old Japanese, attested in the Nihon Shoki.

Originally a compound of (hi, sun) +‎ 向か (muka, facing).[1] Compare (higashi, east).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

日向 (hiragana ひむか, rōmaji Himuka)

  1. (obsolete) an old province of Japan, 日向国 (Hyūga no kuni, Hyūga Province), corresponding to modern Miyazaki Prefecture on the eastern coast of Kyūshū
    • 720, Nihon Shoki (chapter 22)
       () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
       () () () () () (うま)ならば () (むか) (こま) () ()ならば (くれ) (さひ)うべしかも () () ()らを大君 (おほきみ)使 (つか)はすらしき [Modern spelling]
      ma-Soga yo Soga no kora wa uma naraba Himuka no koma tachi naraba Kure no ma-sai ubeshi kamo Soga no kora o ōkimi no tsukawasurashiki
      Oh true Soga! The sons of Soga, if they were horses, would be steeds of Himuka, if they were swords, would be blades of Kure! Thus it is fitting, that the sons of Soga should be in service of the great lord.[3]
    Synonyms: 日州 (Nisshū)
  2. a female given name
  3. a surname​.

Etymology 3[edit]

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Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 3
Irregular

/pimuka//fiuka//fiuɡa//hjuːɡa/

Shift from earlier himuka, ancient pimuka: see above.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Proper noun[edit]

日向 (hiragana ひゅうが, rōmaji Hyūga, historical hiragana ひうが)

  1. an old province of Japan, 日向国 (Hyūga no kuni, Hyūga Province), corresponding to modern Miyazaki Prefecture on the eastern coast of Kyūshū
    Synonyms: 日州 (Nisshū)
  2. a city in Miyazaki Prefecture
  3. a battleship of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War Two (see Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Japanese battleship Hyūga on Wikipedia.Wikipedia )
  4. a surname​.
  5. a female given name

日向 (hiragana ひうが, rōmaji Hiuga)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname​.

日向 (hiragana ひゅが, rōmaji Hyuga)

  1. a surname​.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 1 Grade: 3
Irregular

Unknown. Possibly a sound change from himuka above; however, the /mu//ɾ̠u/ shift is unlikely. Alternatively, the spelling may be ateji (当て字), with the hiru portion equating to (hiru, daytime), and the ga of uncertain derivation.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)
    • IPA(key): [çiɾɯ̟ᵝɡa̠]

Proper noun[edit]

日向 (hiragana ひるが, rōmaji Hiruga)

  1. short for 日向湖 (Hiruga-ko): one of the 三方五湖 (Mikata Goko, “Five Lakes of Mikata”) in Fukui Prefecture

Etymology 6[edit]

Other various nanori readings.

Proper noun[edit]

日向 (hiragana にっこう, rōmaji Nikkō, historical hiragana にちかう)

  1. a surname​.

日向 (hiragana ひがの, rōmaji Higano)

  1. a surname​.

日向 (hiragana ひこう, rōmaji Hikō, historical hiragana ひかう)

  1. a surname​.

日向 (hiragana ひな, rōmaji Hina)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname​.

日向 (hiragana ひむかい, rōmaji Himukai, historical hiragana ひむかひ)

  1. a place name
  2. a surname​.

日向 (hiragana ひむき, rōmaji Himuki)

  1. a surname​.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ Torquil Duthie (2014) Man'yōshū and the Imperial Imagination in Early Japan (Brill's Japanese Studies Library), reprint edition, BRILL, ISBN 9-0042-6454-X, pages 227-228

Old Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

日向 (pi1muka) (kana ひむか)

  1. An old province of Japan, today a part of Miyazaki and Kagoshima prefectures.

Descendants[edit]

  • Japanese:  (ひゅう) () (hyūga)