般若

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(般若)
alternative forms 波若
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Etymology[edit]

From Pali paññā, from Sanskrit प्रज्ञा (prajñā).

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

般若

  1. (Buddhism) prajñā; Buddhist wisdom

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (般若):
  • Japanese: 般若 (はんにゃ) (hannya)
  • Korean: 반야 (般若, banya)
  • Vietnamese: bát nhã (般若)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ding, Fubao (1922), wikisource-logo.svg般若” in 佛學大辭典 [A Dictionary of Chinese Buddhist Terms] (in Chinese).

Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
はん
Grade: S
にゃ
Grade: 6
kan’on goon
Alternative spelling 波若
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

From Middle Chinese 般若 (MC puɑn ȵiaX) or 般若 (MC pˠan ȵiaX), itself a transliteration of Sanskrit प्रज्ञा (prajñā)[1][2][3][4] or Pali paññā (wisdom).[4][5]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

般若 (はんにゃ) or 般若 (ハンニャ) (hannya)

  1. (Buddhism) prajñā, Buddhist wisdom
  2. (Noh) a type of mask with the appearance of a grinning horned demoness
  3. a kind of 家紋 (kamon, family crest) featuring a hannya mask
  4. the star or monk's hood cactus, Astrophytum ornatum
    Hypernym: 仙人掌 (saboten)
  5. Short for 般若面 (hannyazura): a dreadful face
  6. a 伽羅 (kyara)-class aromatic wood

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

般若 (はんにゃ) (Hannya)

  1. Short for 般若経 (Hannya-kyō): the Great Perfection of Wisdom collection of sutras
  2. Short for 般若寺 (Hannya-ji): the Hannya Temple in Nara

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 般若”, in ブリタニカ国際大百科事典 小項目事典 (Buritanika Kokusai Dai Hyakka Jiten: Shō Kōmoku Jiten, Encyclopædia Britannica International: Micropædia)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Britannica Japan Co., Ltd., 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 般若”, in 世界大百科事典 第2版 (Sekai Dai-hyakka Jiten Dainiban, Heibonsha World Encyclopedia Second Edition)[2] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Heibonsha, 1998
  5. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

般若

  1. Hán tự form of bát nhã (prajñā, Buddhist wisdom).