impute

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: imputé

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle French imputer, from Latin imputō (to bring into the reckoning, charge, impute).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɪmˈpjuːt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uːt

Verb[edit]

impute (third-person singular simple present imputes, present participle imputing, simple past and past participle imputed)

  1. (transitive) To attribute or ascribe (responsibility or fault) to a cause or source.
    Synonyms: attribute, insinuate, charge, imply
    The teacher imputed the student's failure to his nervousness.
  2. (transitive, theology) To ascribe (sin or righteousness) to someone by substitution.
    • 2009, Diarmaid MacCulloch, A History of Christianity, Penguin (2010), page 607:
      To use the technical language of theologians, God through his grace "imputes" the merits of the crucified and risen Christ to a fallen human being who remains without inherent merit, and who without this "imputation" would not be "made" righteous at all.
  3. (transitive) To take into account.
    Synonyms: consider, regard, reckon
    • 1788, Edward Gibbon, “Chapter 64: A.D. 1355–1391: The Emperor John Palæologus; Discord of the Greeks”, in The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire[1], volume 6, page 328:
      They ſerved with honour in the wars of Bajazet; but a plan of fortifying Conſtantinople excited his jealouſy: he threatened their lives; the new works were inſtantly demoliſhed; and we ſhall beſtow a praiſe, perhaps above the merit of Palæologus, if we impute this laſt humiliation as the cauſe of his death.
  4. (transitive) To attribute or credit to.
    Synonyms: attribute, ascribe, assign
    People impute great cleverness to cats.
    • 2014, Janet Clare, Shakespeare's Stage Traffic, page 11:
      In any case, the practices imputed to Shakespeare as an emergent dramatist were not in the least exceptional.
  5. (transitive, statistics) To replace missing data with substituted values.
    • 2010, Mamdouh Refaat, Data Preparation for Data Mining Using SAS, Elsevier, →ISBN, page 184:
      We will use a logistic regression model to impute values of nominal and ordinal variables and a linear regression model to impute values of continuous variables.
    • 2012, Stef van Buuren, Flexible Imputation of Missing Data, page 263:
      remove observed values and impute

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Verb[edit]

impute

  1. first-person singular present indicative of imputer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of imputer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of imputer
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of imputer
  5. second-person singular imperative of imputer

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

impute

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of imputar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of imputar
  3. first-person singular imperative of imputar
  4. third-person singular imperative of imputar

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

impute

  1. third-person singular present subjunctive of imputa
  2. third-person plural present subjunctive of imputa

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

impute

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of imputar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of imputar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of imputar.