शत्रु

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit शत्रु ‎(śatru), from the root verb शद् ‎(śad, to fall, perish, decay).

Noun[edit]

शत्रु ‎(śatrum ‎(Urdu spelling شترو)

  1. enemy, adversary, foe
    शत्रु को पीछे हटना पड़ा।
    The enemy was forced to retreat.
    नगर पर शत्रु ने क़ब्ज़ा कर लिया है।
    The city has been occupied by the enemy.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “शत्रु”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Said to be for śat-tru, from root √śad.

Noun[edit]

शत्रु ‎(śátrum

  1. literally probably "overthrower"; enemy, foe
  2. rival
  3. a hostile king (especially a neighbouring king as a natural enemy)
  4. the 6th astrological mansion, Var Yogay
  5. Asparagus racemosus
  6. name of an Asura

Declension[edit]

Masculine u-stem declension of शत्रु
Nom. sg. शत्रुः ‎(śatruḥ)
Gen. sg. शत्रोः ‎(śatroḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शत्रुः ‎(śatruḥ) शत्रू ‎(śatrū) शत्रवः ‎(śatravaḥ)
Vocative शत्रो ‎(śatro) शत्रू ‎(śatrū) शत्रवः ‎(śatravaḥ)
Accusative शत्रुम् ‎(śatrum) शत्रू ‎(śatrū) शत्रून् ‎(śatrūn)
Instrumental शत्रुणा ‎(śatruṇā) शत्रुभ्याम् ‎(śatrubhyām) शत्रुभिः ‎(śatrubhiḥ)
Dative शत्रवे ‎(śatrave) शत्रुभ्याम् ‎(śatrubhyām) शत्रुभ्यः ‎(śatrubhyaḥ)
Ablative शत्रोः ‎(śatroḥ) शत्रुभ्याम् ‎(śatrubhyām) शत्रुभ्यः ‎(śatrubhyaḥ)
Genitive शत्रोः ‎(śatroḥ) शत्र्वोः ‎(śatrvoḥ) शत्रूणाम् ‎(śatrūṇām)
Locative शत्रौ ‎(śatrau) शत्र्वोः ‎(śatrvoḥ) शत्रुषु ‎(śatruṣu)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1051