शत्रु

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See also: शत्रू

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit शत्रु (śatru).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ʃət̪.ɾuː/

Noun[edit]

शत्रु (śatrum (Urdu spelling شترو‎)

  1. enemy, adversary, foe
    Synonym: दुश्मन (duśman)
    Antonyms: मित्र (mitra), दोस्त (dost)
    शत्रु को पीछे हटना पड़ा।śatru ko pīche haṭnā paṛā.The enemy was forced to retreat.

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *śátruṣ, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ćátruš, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱét-ru-s, from *ḱet- (to be angry). Cognate with Ancient Greek κότος (kótos, anger), Irish cath (battle), German Hader (strife), Old Church Slavonic котора (kotora, quarrel).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

शत्रु (śátrum

  1. literally probably "overthrower"; enemy, foe
  2. rival
  3. a hostile king (especially a neighbouring king as a natural enemy)
  4. the 6th astrological mansion, Var Yogay
  5. Asparagus racemosus
  6. name of an Asura

Declension[edit]

Masculine u-stem declension of शत्रु (śátru)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शत्रुः
śátruḥ
शत्रू
śátrū
शत्रवः
śátravaḥ
Vocative शत्रो
śátro
शत्रू
śátrū
शत्रवः
śátravaḥ
Accusative शत्रुम्
śátrum
शत्रू
śátrū
शत्रून्
śátrūn
Instrumental शत्रुणा / शत्र्वा¹
śátruṇā / śátrvā¹
शत्रुभ्याम्
śátrubhyām
शत्रुभिः
śátrubhiḥ
Dative शत्रवे / शत्र्वे²
śátrave / śátrve²
शत्रुभ्याम्
śátrubhyām
शत्रुभ्यः
śátrubhyaḥ
Ablative शत्रोः / शत्र्वः²
śátroḥ / śátrvaḥ²
शत्रुभ्याम्
śátrubhyām
शत्रुभ्यः
śátrubhyaḥ
Genitive शत्रोः / शत्र्वः²
śátroḥ / śátrvaḥ²
शत्र्वोः
śátrvoḥ
शत्रूणाम्
śátrūṇām
Locative शत्रौ
śátrau
शत्र्वोः
śátrvoḥ
शत्रुषु
śátruṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Less common

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1996) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume 2, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 607