cath

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See also: Cath

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

cath (plural caths)

  1. Abbreviation of cathode.
  2. Abbreviation of catheter.

Verb[edit]

cath (third-person singular simple present caths, present participle cathing, simple past and past participle cathed)

  1. (transitive) To fit (somebody) with a catheter.
    • 2004, Adrian Sandler, Living with Spina Bifida (page 160)
      At the spina bifida camp, we've had about twenty-five kids lining up outside the "Med Shed," needing to be cathed before breakfast.
    • 2010, Judith Rogers, The Disabled Woman's Guide to Pregnancy and Birth
      Unlike Sharon, Sherry Adele was able to return to self-cathing after delivery.

Anagrams[edit]


Cornish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

cath f (plural cathas or cathes)

  1. (Standard Cornish, Standard Written Form) cat

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cath, from Primitive Irish ᚉᚐᚈᚈᚒ (cattu), from Proto-Celtic *katus, from Proto-Indo-European *kéh₃tus (fight).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cath m (genitive singular catha, nominative plural cathanna or catha)

  1. battle
    Proverb:
    Ní hé lá an chatha lá an chnuasaithe.A stitch in time saves nine. ("The day of battle is not the day for gathering food".)
    1. (literature) battle tale
  2. conflict, trial
  3. battalion

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cath chath gcath
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Primitive Irish ᚉᚐᚈᚈᚒ (cattu), from Proto-Celtic *katus, from Proto-Indo-European *kéh₃tus (fight).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cath m (genitive catho or catha)

  1. battle, fight
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 34a20
      in chatho glosses proelii
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 112a5
      amal dunem-side nech iarna chúl hi cath
      behind him in battle
    • c. 845, St. Gall Glosses on Priscian, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1975, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. II, pp. 49–224, Sg. 44a1
      fon chath glosses sub Marte
  2. troop, battalion

Inflection[edit]

Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative cath cathL cathaeH
Vocative cath cathL cathu
Accusative cathN cathL cathu
Genitive cathoH, cathaH cathoL, cathaL cathaeN
Dative cathL cathaib cathaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: cath
  • Manx: cah
  • Scottish Gaelic: cath

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cath chath cath
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cath, from Primitive Irish ᚉᚐᚈᚈᚒ (cattu), from Proto-Celtic *katus, from Proto-Indo-European *kéh₃tus (fight).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cath m (genitive singular catha, plural cathan)

  1. battle
    Synonym: blàr

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
cath chath
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • cath” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “cath”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *kaθ, from Proto-Celtic *kattā.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kaːθ/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

cath f (plural cathod or cathau)

  1. cat; wildcat
  2. cat, tipcat; cat-o'-nine-tails

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cath gath nghath chath
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “cath”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies