शक्ति

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit शक्ति (śákti, śaktí).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

शक्ति (śaktif (Urdu spelling شکتی)

  1. power, energy, potency
    दो सौ घोड़ों की शक्ति इस कल में है।
    do sau ghoṛõ kī śakti is kal mẽ hai.
    This machine has the power of two hundred horses.
    Synonyms: ताक़त (tāqat), ज़ोर (zor), सकत (sakat), ऊर्जा (ūrjā)
  2. strength
    अगर हम अपनी सेनाएँ मिलाए हमारी शक्ति बढ़ जाएगी।
    agar ham apnī senāẽ milāe hamārī śakti baṛh jāegī.
    If we combine our armies our strength will increase.
    Synonym: ताक़त (tāqat)
  3. force
    हमें विध्वंसक शक्ति का प्रयोग करना पड़ा।
    hamẽ vidhvansak śakti kā prayog karnā paṛā.
    We had to use destructive force.
    Synonym: बल (bal)
  4. ability; reach
    शक्ति के बाहरśakti ke bāharbeyond one's ability
    Synonym: बस (bas)

Declension[edit]

Declension of शक्ति
Singular Plural
Direct शक्ति (śakti) शक्तियाँ (śaktiyā̃)
Oblique शक्ति (śakti) शक्तियों (śaktiyõ)
Vocative शक्ति (śakti) शक्तियो (śaktiyo)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “शक्ति”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons
  • Caturvedi, Mahendra; Bhola Nath Tiwari (1970), “शक्ति”, in A practical Hindi-English dictionary, Delhi: National Publishing House

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root शक् (śak, able), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱak- (to be able).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

शक्ति (śákti, śaktím

  1. strength, power, might
  2. ability

Declension[edit]

Masculine i-stem declension of शक्ति (śákti)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शक्तिः
śáktiḥ
शक्ती
śáktī
शक्तयः
śáktayaḥ
Vocative शक्ते
śákte
शक्ती
śáktī
शक्तयः
śáktayaḥ
Accusative शक्तिम्
śáktim
शक्ती
śáktī
शक्तीन्
śáktīn
Instrumental शक्तिना / शक्त्या¹
śáktinā / śáktyā¹
शक्तिभ्याम्
śáktibhyām
शक्तिभिः
śáktibhiḥ
Dative शक्तये / शक्त्ये²
śáktaye / śáktye²
शक्तिभ्याम्
śáktibhyām
शक्तिभ्यः
śáktibhyaḥ
Ablative शक्तेः / शक्त्यः²
śákteḥ / śáktyaḥ²
शक्तिभ्याम्
śáktibhyām
शक्तिभ्यः
śáktibhyaḥ
Genitive शक्तेः / शक्त्यः²
śákteḥ / śáktyaḥ²
शक्त्योः
śáktyoḥ
शक्तीनाम्
śáktīnām
Locative शक्तौ
śáktau
शक्त्योः
śáktyoḥ
शक्तिषु
śáktiṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Less common
Masculine i-stem declension of शक्ति (śaktí)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शक्तिः
śaktíḥ
शक्ती
śaktī́
शक्तयः
śaktáyaḥ
Vocative शक्ते
śákte
शक्ती
śáktī
शक्तयः
śáktayaḥ
Accusative शक्तिम्
śaktím
शक्ती
śaktī́
शक्तीन्
śaktī́n
Instrumental शक्तिना / शक्त्या¹
śaktínā / śaktyā̀¹
शक्तिभ्याम्
śaktíbhyām
शक्तिभिः
śaktíbhiḥ
Dative शक्तये / शक्त्ये²
śaktáye / śaktyè²
शक्तिभ्याम्
śaktíbhyām
शक्तिभ्यः
śaktíbhyaḥ
Ablative शक्तेः / शक्त्यः²
śaktéḥ / śaktyàḥ²
शक्तिभ्याम्
śaktíbhyām
शक्तिभ्यः
śaktíbhyaḥ
Genitive शक्तेः / शक्त्यः²
śaktéḥ / śaktyàḥ²
शक्त्योः
śaktyóḥ
शक्तीनाम्
śaktīnā́m
Locative शक्तौ
śaktaú
शक्त्योः
śaktyóḥ
शक्तिषु
śaktíṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Less common

Descendants[edit]