From Proto-Germanic *ardiz, *arduz, *arþuz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erh₃- (“to plough”). Cognate with Old Saxon ard, Old High German art (German Art). The Indo-European root is also the source of Latin arō, Ancient Greek ἀρόω (aróō), Old East Slavic орати (orati), Russian орать (oratʹ).
eard m (nominative plural eardas)
- homeland, native soil; one's home, a dwelling
- Ðis is min agen cyþ, eard and eðel. This is my own country, home and land.
- earth, land
- state; station; condition; fate
- Middle English: erd