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See also: eorthe and eorðe

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Proto-Germanic *erþō. Cognate with Old Frisian erthe (West Frisian ierde), Old Saxon ertha, Old Dutch ertha (Dutch aarde), Old High German erda (German Erde), Old Norse jǫrð (Swedish jord), Gothic 𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌸𐌰 (airþa).



eorþe f

  1. earth: ground, soil, dry land.
    Drihtnes ys eorðe, and eall þæt heo mid gefyld is; and eall mancynn þe þæron eardað is Drihtnes. --Psalm 23, King Alfred Translation (Paris Psalter)
  2. (paganism) Synonym of middangeard: Midgard, the Earth in the traditional Germanic cosmology, conceived as a realm between heaven (Asgard) and hell (Niflheim).
  3. (Christian, astronomy) Earth in the Ptolemaic cosmology, conceived as a pinenut-shaped planet at the center of the universe.
    • 10th century, "An Anglo-Saxon Manual of Astronomy":
      Seo eorðe stent on gelicnysse anre pinn-hnyte, seo sunne glit abutan gewislice be Godes gesetnysse...
      The Earth stands the form of a pinenut, & the sun glides about it by God's ordinance...


Derived terms[edit]