charakter

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See also: Charakter

English[edit]

An intaglio of charakteres.

Etymology[edit]

Directly borrowed from Ancient Greek χαρακτήρ (kharaktḗr). Doublet of character.

Noun[edit]

charakter (plural charakteres)

  1. a glyph with no agreed semantic or phonetic value, generally formed by deforming a letter of the Greek alphabet or a simple geometric symbol via one of several predefined processes, used as part of magical texts in the Hellenistic world
    • 2004, Angelos Chaniotis, Thomas Corsten, R. S. Stroud, and Rolf Tybout [editors], Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum, volume LIV, page 660:
      [] (yellow diasper; inscription in a circle enclosing magical charakteres on two lines; other letters (?) and charakteres on the rim; scorpion on the reverse; 3rd cent. A.D.; N. 660/661) []
    • 2011, György Németh, “Sequences of charakteres in some circus defixiones in Latin from Hadrumetum”:
      Among the roughly forty curse-tablets found, mainly by French army officers in the late nineteenth century, at Hadrumetum, is a group of texts exhibiting a common feature, namely that they contain recurring sequences of charakteres. In this form they have not been found elsewhere; moreover, the individual charakteres are also different from magic signs found elsewhere.
    • 2014, Richard Gordon, “Charaktêres between Antiquity and Renaissance: Transmission and Re-invention”:
      The great majority of charaktêres, like the majority of voces magicae, were never memorized – they were simply produced on one occasion. That is why there could be so many of them. We shall see this principle emphatically re-asserted in the medieval and early-modern shift from the charaktêr to the sigillum.
    • 2019, Radcliffe G. Edmonds III, Drawing Down the Moon: Magic in the Ancient Greco-Roman World, page 337:
      Such hissings and poppings are not the only incomprehensible signs that the theurgists use to make contact with the divine; various sources make mention of charakteres, incomprehensible drawn figures that seem to resemble letters or images but without any clear iconic resemblance.

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈxaraktɛr]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

charakter m

  1. character (moral strength)
  2. character (features)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • charakter in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • charakter in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

charakter m inan

  1. personality
    Rozwiedliśmy się ze względu na niezgodność charakterów.
    We divorced due to incompatible personalities.
  2. nature, features
    Działania na terytorium Ukrainy mają charakter wojenny.
    The activity on the territory of Ukraine has the features of war.
  3. (formal, law) role
    Czy wezmę udział w procesie w charakterze świadka czy pokrzywdzonego?
    Will I take part in the trial as a witness or as a victim?

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Russian: хара́ктер (xarákter)

Further reading[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

charakter m (genitive singular charakteru, nominative plural charaktery, genitive plural charakterov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. character (moral strength)
  2. character (features)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • charakter in Slovak dictionaries at slovnik.juls.savba.sk