skābs

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See also: skabs

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as the verb skābt (to go sour) (q.v.), made into an adjective.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

skābs

  1. 3rd person singular future indicative form of skābt
  2. 3rd person plural future indicative form of skābt

Adjective[edit]

skābs (def. skābais, comp. skābāks, sup. visskābākais; adv. skābi)

  1. sour (having a taste similar to, e.g., lemon)
    skābs ābolssour apple
    skābs vīnssour wine
    skāba garšasour taste
    uz galdiņa stāvēja turziņa ar skābajām konfektēmon the little table was the little bag with the sour candy
    Latvijā izaudzētas vairākas saldo un skābo ķiršu šķirnesin Latvia many species of sweet and sour cherries (are) grown
  2. sour (that which was acidified, fermented; syn. skābēts)
    skābais, saskābis krējumssour cream
    skābais piens (= rūgušpiens)sour milk
    skābi, skābēti kāpostisauerkraut (lit. sour cabbage)
    skābi, skābēti gurķipickled (lit. sour) cucumbers
    skābie piena produkti darbojas pret mikrobiemsour milk products work against microbes, germs
  3. (chemistry) acid (having acid or acid-like features)
    skābais sālsacid salt
    skābā krāsvielaacid dye
    skābais iezisacid rock (= containing a lot of silica)
  4. (of smells) sour, acid (having a smell similar to that of, e.g., lemons or vinegar)
    skāba smarža, smakasour smell
    skāba pelējuma smakathe sour smell of mold
  5. (colloquial) surly, grumbling, impolite; frustrated
    “vai arī mēs nevarējām atbraukt vakar!” spiningotāji sev pārmeta, savilkuši skābas sejas“we could have gone back yesterday!” the fishermen accused themselves, putting on a sour face
    “bet ja nu es pati gribētu pie jums iet par sievu?” Zina smējās; Krusa izspieda skābu vīpsnu un gāja laukā“but (what) if I myself wanted to be(come) your wife?” Zina laughed; Krusa produced a sour smirk and walked out

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “skābt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7