skābums

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From skābs (sour, acid) +‎ -ums. In the 1850s, K. Valdemārs tried to use skābums in the sense of “acid (chemical substance),” but without success: skābe, which already existed at the time, became the standard term for this sense.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

skābums m (1st declension)

  1. sourness, acidity (the quality of that which is sour, acid in taste (but also in smell); a substance with acidic properties)
    šķīduma skābumssolution acidity
    kuņģa sulas skābumsthe acidity of gastric juice
    nevarēju saprast, vai viņam tā šķobīt seju lika ogu skābums vai pēkšņa smieklu lēkmeI couldn't understand if it was the sourness of the berries or the sudden laughter that made his face (look) so shaken
    augsnes skābums rodas galvenokārt dažādu mikrobioloģisku procesu rezultātāthe acidity of the soil is a result of several microbiological processes
    mucām līdzi no pagraba atnākusi skābuma un pelējuma smakatogether with the barrels from the cellar came a smell of sourness and mold

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “skābt”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7