viss

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Tamil வீசை (vīcai) and/or Telugu వీసె (vīse)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

viss (plural visses)

  1. A Burmese unit of measure for weight, approximately 1.63293 kilograms (3.6 pounds).

Translations[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • tical (a unit of weight equal to 0.01 viss)

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Old Norse viss (certain, sure), from Proto-Germanic *gawissaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

viss (comparative vissari, superlative vissastur)

  1. certain, sure, positive syn.
    Ertu viss? — Já, ég er alveg viss.
    Are you sure? — Yes, I'm positive.
  2. certain, having been determined but unspecific syn.
    Að falla úr vissri hæð.
    To fall from a certain height.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *visas, from Proto-Indo-European *wi-so-s, from *wi-, *wī- (separated, divided; two parts of a whole). Cognates include Lithuanian vìsas, Sudovian wisa, Proto-Slavic *vьxъ (Old Church Slavonic вьсь (vĭsĭ), Russian весь (vesʹ), Belarusian увесь (uvés’), Ukrainian весь (vesʹ), увесь (uvés’), Bulgarian все (vse), Czech ves, Polish wszy, Sanskrit वि (, apart, asunder, off, in several directions), विश्वः (víśvaḥ, all, each, whole), Avestan [script needed] (vīspa-), Old Persian [script needed] (visa-, all, whole).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

viss (no definite forms; irreg. adv. (none))

  1. (usually singular) all, whole, entire (considered as a single entity)
    viss mežsall the forest, the whole forest
    visa māja — the whole house
    viss vezums — the entire cartful
    visa raža — the whole harvest
    visa produkcija — the whole production, output
    visa cilvēce — all humanity, the whole human race
    klusēt visu ceļu — to be quiet all the way
    izlasīt visu pasaku — to read the whole fairy tale
    smaidīt pa visu seju — to smile all over (lit. on all) (one's) face
    visa mugura slapjaall (his) back (is) wet
    visas rokas jēlas — (his) hands (are) all raw
    viņa visa nodrebēja — she entire trembled (= all her body)
    par to runā visa pilsēta — the whole town is talking about that
    divtelpu jeb tā saucamās dvīņu klētis sastopamas visā Latvijā — two-room, also so-called twin, barns can be found in all Latvia (= all over Latvia)
    visu ceļojumu no sākuma līdz galam Jānītis nevarēja atraut acis no automašīnas loga — (during) the whole trip from beginning to end, Jānītis could not turn his eyes away from the car window
  2. (of time periods, in the accusative) all, whole (during the entire time period)
    visu dienu — the whole day, all day (long)
    visu nakti — the whole night, all night (long)
    lija visu vakaru — it rained all evening
    visu laikuall the time
    visu mūžuall (one's) life
    kaķītis gāja, gāja, 'visu vasaru — the little cat went (= traveled) on and on, (during) the whole summer
  3. (usually plural) all, all the... (the entire group of, without exception)
    visi kaimiņiall the neighbors
    visas tautasall peoples
    visos logos — in all windows
    pēc visiem likumiem — according to all laws
    visas malasall over the place, everywhere (lit. all edges)
    segt visus izdevumus — to cover all expenses
    atdot visus parādus — to pay back all debts
    atnākt ar visus bērnus — to come with all (one's) children
    visās varavīksnes krāsās — in all the colors of the rainbow
    viņi gāja tur visi trīs — they went there, all the three of them
    visi viesi bija īsti jautri un līksmi kā allaž pēc labi padarīta darbaall the guests were really happy and cheerful as always after a job well done
  4. (with abstractions entities, ideas) all, full (maximally intense)
    viss bargumsfull rigor, utmost severity
    visa lepnībafull pride
    sakoncentrēt visu uzmanību — to pay full attention
    visā augumā — in full height (= fully grown; standing straight)
    visā nopietnībā — in all seriousness
    visā visumā — in all universe (= all in all, on the whole, by and large)
    visā kailumā — in all nakedness (= fully open, with no secrets)
    Annele turējās visiem spēkiem pretī tumšām, aklām bailēm — Annele held on with all (her) forces against the dark, blind fear
    ielejā viņa mājas tagad bija redzamas visā savā nabadzībā — in the valley, his house was now visible in all its poverty
    tu redzēji tikai mazu daļu no tā, ko es esmu redzējis visā pilnībā — you have seen only a little part of what I saw in all fullness (= in its entirety)

Pronoun[edit]

viss (indefinite)

  1. (masculine singular forms) all, everything, anything
    visu redzēt — to see everything
    viss ir pateiktseverything has been said
    viss kopāall together, all of it
    viņš grib visu zināt — he wants to know everything
    pateikties par visu — to thank for everything
    visam savs laiks — to everything its time
    būt gatavam uz visu — to be ready for everything
    viss viensall is one (i.e., it is all the same, it doesn't matter)
    viss kasall that (i.e., all kinds of things)
    būt spējīgam uz visu — to be capable of everything, to be able to do anything
    Gaitiņš pārdeva visu, paturdēami sev tik vienu zirgu un vienus ratus — Gaitiņš sold everything, keeping for himself only one horse and one cart
    vai tas var būt, ka viss - bez jēgas? vai tas var būt, ka viss ir velts? — could it be that everything is meaningless? could it be that everything is futile?
    neesmu apmierināata ar sevi, un viss — I am not satisfied with myself, and all (= and that's all! that's it!)
    braukšu uz Dmitrijevku pēc precēm; viss! — I'll go to Dimitrijevku to get the merchandise; that's all! (= that's it!)
    vieta, kurā varēja atrast visu ko: labo un slikto, jauno un veco, atpalikušo un progresīvo - a place where one coudl find all that (= all kinds of things): good and bad, new and old, backward and progressive
  2. (plural forms) all, everyone, everybody
    visi jau ir paēduši - everybody has already eaten
    visi ir veseli - all are healthy
    nāca visi kopā - they all came together
    visu vārdā - in the name of (= on behalf of) everyone
    visi bez izņēmuma - everybody, without exception
    visi skraidīja ap ugunsgrēku kā apmulsuši, cits caur citu vaimanādami - everybody (just) ran around the fire confusedly, wailing at each other
    visi, kas no mātes ir aizgājuši pasaulē laimi meklēt, ir apgājuši pasaulei apkārt un atraduši tikai māti - all those who went away from their mother to look for happiness in the world, went all around the world and found only (their) mother

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Viss has no definite forms; the indefinite forms are used in all cases. It has also no comparative or superlative forms.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (of "everything"): nekas

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “viss” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse víss

Adjective[edit]

viss (neuter singular visst, definite singular and plural visse)

  1. certain
    til en viss grad - to a certain extent

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse víss

Adjective[edit]

viss (neuter singular visst, definite singular and plural visse)

  1. certain

References[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse viss, from Proto-Germanic *gawissaz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

viss (comparative vissare, superlative vissast)

  1. certain, convinced
    Experterna har nu blivit vissa om olyckans orsaker
    The experts have now become certain regarding the causes of the accident.
  2. some, certain, particular (not comparable)
    I vissa avseenden, fungerar det inte.
    In some ways, it doesn't work.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]