वि

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *wi (apart, away). Cognate with Hittite [script needed] (nawi, not yet), Old English wiþ (English with).

Adverb[edit]

वि (vi)

  1. apart
  2. asunder
  3. in different directions
  4. to and fro, about
  5. away, away from
  6. off
  7. without

Preposition[edit]

वि (vi)

  1. through
  2. between

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂éwis. Cognate with Latin avis (bird), Ancient Greek ἀετός (aetós, eagle).

Noun[edit]

वि (m

  1. a bird (also applied to horses, arrows, and the Maruts)
Inflection[edit]
Masculine i-stem declension of वि
Nom. sg. विः (viḥ)
Gen. sg. वेः (veḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative विः (viḥ) वी () वयः (vayaḥ)
Vocative वे (ve) वी () वयः (vayaḥ)
Accusative विम् (vim) वी () वीन् (vīn)
Instrumental विना (vinā) विभ्याम् (vibhyām) विभिः (vibhiḥ)
Dative वये (vaye) विभ्याम् (vibhyām) विभ्यः (vibhyaḥ)
Ablative वेः (veḥ) विभ्याम् (vibhyām) विभ्यः (vibhyaḥ)
Genitive वेः (veḥ) व्योः (vyoḥ) वीनाम् (vīnām)
Locative वौ (vau) व्योः (vyoḥ) विषु (viṣu)

Another singular ablative form is वितः (vitaḥ).

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 949/3