वि

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *wí, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *wí, from Proto-Indo-European *wi. Cognate with Hittite [script needed] (nawi, not yet), Old English wiþ (English with).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

वि ()

  1. apart
  2. asunder
  3. in different directions
  4. to and fro, about
  5. away, away from
  6. off
  7. without

Preposition[edit]

वि ()

  1. through
  2. between

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂éwis (bird). Cognate with Latin avis (bird), Ancient Greek ἀετός (aetós, eagle), Avestan 𐬬𐬍𐬱(vīš).

Noun[edit]

वि (m

  1. a bird
Inflection[edit]
Masculine i-stem declension of वि ()
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative विः / वेः
víḥ / véḥ
वी
vī́
वयः
váyaḥ
Vocative वे
वी
vī́
वयः
váyaḥ
Accusative विम्
vím
वी
vī́
वीन्
vī́n
Instrumental विना / व्या¹
vínā / vyā̀¹
विभ्याम्
víbhyām
विभिः
víbhiḥ
Dative वये / व्ये²
váye / vyè²
विभ्याम्
víbhyām
विभ्यः
víbhyaḥ
Ablative वेः / व्यः²
véḥ / vyàḥ²
विभ्याम्
víbhyām
विभ्यः
víbhyaḥ
Genitive वेः / व्यः²
véḥ / vyàḥ²
व्योः
vyóḥ
वीनाम्
vīnā́m
Locative वौ
vaú
व्योः
vyóḥ
विषु
víṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
  • ²Less common

References[edit]