caoin

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Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish caín.

Adjective[edit]

caoin ‎(genitive singular masculine caoin, genitive singular feminine caoine, plural caoine, comparative caoine)

  1. smooth, delicate, polished
  2. kind, gentle, refined
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish caín ‎(smooth finished side; especially the outer surface of a wall, etc.).

Noun[edit]

caoin f ‎(genitive singular caoine)

  1. smooth surface
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Irish caínid, from Brythonic (compare Welsh cwyn ‎(lament)).

Verb[edit]

caoin ‎(present analytic caoineann, future analytic caoinfidh, verbal noun caoineadh, past participle caointe) (transitive, intransitive)

  1. keen, lament
  2. cry, weep
Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
caoin chaoin gcaoin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "caoin" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 caín” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • 2 caín” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • caínid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish caínid, from Brythonic (compare Welsh cwyn ‎(lament)).

Verb[edit]

caoin ‎(past chaoin, future caoinidh, verbal noun caoineadh, past participle caointe)

  1. mourn, lament, grieve
  2. cry, weep
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish caín ‎(smooth finished side; especially the outer surface of a wall, etc.).

Noun[edit]

caoin f ‎(genitive singular caoine, no plural)

  1. exterior, outer side (of garment)
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • 2 caín” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • caínid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.