caoin

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Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish caín.

Adjective[edit]

caoin (genitive singular masculine caoin, genitive singular feminine caoine, plural caoine, comparative caoine)

  1. smooth, delicate, polished
  2. kind, gentle, refined
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Irish caín (smooth finished side; especially the outer surface of a wall, etc.), a substantivization of caín (fine, beautiful).

Noun[edit]

caoin f (genitive singular caoine)

  1. smooth surface
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Irish caínid, from Old Irish coínid, from Brythonic (compare Welsh cwyn (lament)).

Verb[edit]

caoin (present analytic caoineann, future analytic caoinfidh, verbal noun caoineadh, past participle caointe)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) keen, lament
  2. (transitive, intransitive) cry, weep
Conjugation[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • English: keen

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
caoin chaoin gcaoin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Irish caínid, from Old Irish coínid, from Brythonic (compare Welsh cwyn (lament)).

Verb[edit]

caoin (past chaoin, future caoinidh, verbal noun caoineadh, past participle caointe)

  1. mourn, lament, grieve
    Synonym: caoidh
  2. cry, weep
    Synonym: guil

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Irish caín (smooth finished side; especially the outer surface of a wall, etc.), a substantivization of caín (fine, beautiful).

Noun[edit]

caoin f (genitive singular caoine, no plural)

  1. exterior, outer side (of garment)
    Antonym: ascaoin
Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
caoin chaoin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]