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U+82E7, 苧
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-82E7

[U+82E6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+82E8]

Translingual[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taʔ
*taʔ
*tʰaʔ
*da, *daʔ
*daʔ
*daʔ
*daʔ
*daʔ
*daʔ
*daʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *daʔ): semantic  (grass) + phonetic  (OC *da, *daʔ).

This character simplified to and simplified form .

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿十一弓 (TJMN) or X廿十一弓 (XTJMN), four-corner 44201, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1024, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30798
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1483, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3196, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+82E7

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Etymology 3[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (11)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨʌX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖiɔX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡiɔX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖɨə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ȡiɔX/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭoX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯woX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhù
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17635
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*daʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Boehmeria nivea

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

/wo//o/

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed some time after 759 CE.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji o, historical hiragana )

  1. hemp or ramie
  2. thread made from the outer husk of the stems of hemp or ramie
  3. a textile made from this thread
Derived terms[edit]
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
むし
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Possibly the original name for the plant, or for the fiber from this plant. Possibly also cognate with Ainu モセ (mose), ムセ (muse, nettle plant; bast fiber in general)

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana むし, rōmaji mushi)

  1. (obsolete) old name for karamushi: the ramie plant, Boehmeria nivea var. nipononivea
  2. short for  (むしのたれぎぬ),  (むし) () (ぎぬ) (mushi no tareginu), a kind of veil made of ramie and worn from the brim of a hat by women from the Heian period through the Kamakura period

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
からむし
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

Appears to be a compound of (kara, husk) +‎ (mushi, ramie fiber).

Some sources suggest that the mushi component derives from 蒸し (mushi, steaming), from verb 蒸す (musu, to steam something; to be steamy or muggy). However, ramie is not processed using steam, so these are more likely to be folk etymologies.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana からむし, rōmaji karamushi)

  1. the ramie plant, Boehmeria nivea or Boehmeria nipononivea
  2. a thread made from the fibers of this plant
  3. a textile made from this thread
    • circa 800, Shibunritsu Ongi (page 47)[4]
      蒭麻衣 加良牟斯
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
からんし
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

/karamuɕi//karanɕi/

Alteration from karamushi. Rare and obsolete reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana からんし, rōmaji karanshi)

  1. (rare, obsolete) the ramie plant
  2. (rare, obsolete) a thread made from the fibers of this plant
  3. (rare, obsolete) a textile made from this thread

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
こるむし
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

/karamuɕi//korumuɕi/

Alteration from karamushi. Rare and obsolete reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こるむし, rōmaji korumushi)

  1. (rare, obsolete) the ramie plant
  2. (rare, obsolete) a thread made from the fibers of this plant
  3. (rare, obsolete) a textile made from this thread
    • circa 800, Shibunritsu Ongi (page 47)[4]
      纎麻衣 古流牟斯

Etymology 6[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
kan’yōon

From Middle Chinese (MC ɳˠɛŋ), but read with the on'yomi from (ma, hemp). Compare modern Mandarin (zhù), ().

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji ma)

  1. the ramie or hemp plant or fiber
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Kanji in this term
ちょ
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɳˠɛŋ). Compare modern Mandarin (zhù).

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana ちょ, rōmaji cho)

  1. the ramie or hemp plant or fiber
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3484), text here
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  4. 4.0 4.1 Tsukishima, Hiroshi (circa 800) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 2: Shibunritsu Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, ISBN 4-7629-3089-X, published 1979, page 47

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeo) (hangeul , revised jeo, McCune-Reischauer chŏ, Yale ce)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trữ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.