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U+9EBB, 麻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9EBB

[U+9EBA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9EBC]
U+2FC7, ⿇
KANGXI RADICAL HEMP

[U+2FC6]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FC8]
麻 U+2FA15, 麻
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2FA15
𪊑
[U+2FA14]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 䵖
[U+2FA16]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
麻-order.gif
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 200, +0, 11 strokes, cangjie input 戈木木 (IDD) or 戈十金金 (IJCC), four-corner 00294, composition广(GJV) or ⿸广𣏟(HTK))

  1. Kangxi radical #200, .

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1515, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 47888
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2044, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4723, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9EBB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
麻-bronze.svg 麻-seal.svg 麻-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意): + 𣏟: a representation of hemp leaves.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: môa, bâ - vernacular, mâ - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/ma/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/maɨ/
Li
Rong
/ma/
Wang
Li
/ma/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ma/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹  ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.mˁraj/
English hemp

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8694
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mraːl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. hemp
  2. hemp fibre; linen
  3. rope made of hemp, flax, jute, etc.
  4. mourning garment; mourning apparel
  5. (historical) imperial edict
  6. Short for 芝麻 (zhīma, “sesame”).
  7. numerous; chaotic
  8. coarse; rough
  9. spotty; pity
  10. (traditional Chinese medicine) Short for 麻疹 (mázhěn, “measles”).
  11. pockmark; pock
  12. numb; senseless
    /   ―    ―  paralysis
  13. (of foods) having the taste like one of Sichuan pepper
      ―    ―  Sichuan pepper-y and spicy
  14. anesthesia
  15. A surname​.

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
あさ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(あさ) (asa

  1. hemp
    • c. 800: Shibunritsu Ongi (page 47)
      麻衣 阿佐
  2. flax
  3. linen

Proper noun[edit]

(あさ) (Asa

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

/wo//o/

From Old Japanese (wo).[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

() (o (historical kana )

  1. The hemp or ramie plant.
  2. Thread or yarn made from fibers derived from the bark of hemp or ramie stems.

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

Possibly from an altered pronunciation of asa.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

() (so

  1. hemp
Usage notes[edit]

Most often found in compounds.

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kan’yōon

From Middle Chinese (, hemp).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

() (ma

  1. The hemp plant.
  2. The bark of the hemp plant.
  3. Thread, yarn, or cloth made from the hemp fiber. Used in the past for mourning clothes in China.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  • Tsukishima, Hiroshi (c. 800) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 2: Shibunritsu Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, published 1979, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun (sam ma))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ma, , )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.