綿

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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

綿 (radical 120 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 女火竹日月 (VFHAB), four-corner 26927, composition)

  1. cotton wad
  2. wool
  3. soft, downy

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 928, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27592
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1366, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3416, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7DBF

Chinese[edit]

trad. 綿
simp.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (綿, reconstructed)
Character (綿), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (4)
Final: (77)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: mián
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/miᴇn/ /miɛn/ /mjæn/ /mian/ /miɛn/ /mĭɛn/ /mi̯ɛn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (綿, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
綿 9048 綿 2 /*men/

Noun[edit]

綿

  1. cotton

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

綿

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
綿 (men, wata): raw cotton on the bush.
Kanji in this term
綿
めん
Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 綿 ‎(miɛn, wool; cotton; soft, downy).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

綿 ‎(hiragana めん, romaji men)

  1. cotton (both the fiber and the cloth)
Usage notes[edit]

As a standalone noun, the term 木綿 ‎(momen, cotton, literally tree or bush + woolly batting) is used more often. This is especially true in speech, to avoid ambiguity with the various homophones, such as ‎(men, face) or ‎(men, noodle).

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
綿
わた
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Originally referred to any batting or stuffing, which was generally unspun silk. The meaning shifted after the spread of cotton in the Muromachi period.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

綿 ‎(hiragana わた, romaji wata)

  1. the cotton plant
  2. raw cotton
  3. batting or stuffing
  4. (figuratively) the state of being exhausted or extremely tired (likely from the hard work required to pick cotton)
    綿 (わた)のように (つか)れた
    wata no yō ni tsukareta
    to be as tired as cotton → to be exhausted
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

綿 ‎(myeon) (hangeul , revised myeon, McCune-Reischauer myŏn, Yale myen)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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