綿

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See also:
綿 U+7DBF, 綿
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7DBF

[U+7DBE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7DC0]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

綿 (Kangxi radical 120, +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 女火竹日月 (VFHAB), four-corner 26927, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 928, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27592
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1366, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3416, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7DBF

Chinese[edit]

trad. 綿
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意): + (silk).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • mî - vernacular;
  • biân - literary.
Note:
  • miang5/miêng5 - literary (miêng5 - Chaozhou);
  • min5 - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character 綿
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /miᴇn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /miɛn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /mjæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /mian/
    Li
    Rong
    /miɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭɛn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯ɛn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    mián
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    min4
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character 綿
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9048
    Phonetic
    component
    綿
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*men/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    綿

    1. silk floss
      綿  ―  mián  ―  silk floss
    2. to continue; to be continuous
      綿  ―  liánmián  ―  continuous
      綿  ―  miángèn  ―  to stretch in an unbroken chain
    3. soft; weak
      綿  ―  miánruǎn  ―  soft
      綿  ―  mián  ―  (my) meagre effort
    4. (obsolete) Alternative form of (mián, “cotton”).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    綿

    (grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    綿 (men, wata): raw cotton on the bush.
    Kanji in this term
    綿
    めん
    Grade: 5
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese 綿 (miɛn, wool; cotton; soft, downy).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    綿(めん) (men

    1. cotton (both the fiber and the cloth)
    Usage notes[edit]

    As a standalone noun, the term 木綿 (momen, cotton, literally tree or bush + woolly batting) is used more often. This is especially true in speech, to avoid ambiguity with the various homophones, such as (men, face) or (men, noodle).

    Synonyms[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    綿
    わた
    Grade: 5
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese. Originally referred to any batting or stuffing, which was generally unspun silk. The meaning shifted after the spread of cotton in the Muromachi period.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    綿(わた) (wata

    1. the cotton plant
    2. raw cotton
    3. batting or stuffing
    4. the albedo of a citrus; or the pith of a pepper
      Synonym: アルベド (arubedo, albedo)
    5. (figuratively) the state of being exhausted or extremely tired (likely from the hard work required to pick cotton)
      綿(わた)のように(つか)れた
      wata no yō ni tsukareta
      to be as tired as cotton → to be exhausted
    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    綿 (eum (myeon))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    綿: Hán Nôm readings: miên, men, mền, mên, min

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.