木綿

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
綿

Grade: 1
わた
Grade: 5
kun’yomi

Compound of (ki, tree) +‎ 綿 (wata, batting).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

木綿 (hiragana きわた, katakana キワタ, rōmaji kiwata)

  1. Bombax ceiba, a species of silk-cotton tree
    Synonym: パンヤの木 (pan'ya no ki)
  2. cotton wool, as opposed to 真綿 (mawata, silk wadding)
    Synonym: 綿花 (menka)

Proper noun[edit]

木綿 (hiragana きわた, rōmaji Kiwata)

  1. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
綿
もく > も
Grade: 1
めん
Grade: 5
Irregular

/mokumen/ → */momːen//momen/

Alteration of mokumen, itself derived from Middle Chinese elements (moku, tree) + 綿 (men, cotton).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

木綿 (hiragana もめん, rōmaji momen)

  1. cotton (fibre extracted from cotton seeds)
    Synonyms: コットン (kotton), 綿 (men)
  2. Short for 木綿糸 (momen ito): cotton thread
  3. Short for 木綿織り (momen-ori): an object woven from cotton
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

木綿 (hiragana もめん, rōmaji Momen)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

Etymology 3[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
綿
Grade: 1 Grade: 5
Irregular

/yupu//yufu/ → */yuwu//yuː/

From Old Japanese.

Possibly from the verb 結う (yuu, to tie up), from the way such strings are used to tie sakaki branches in Shinto rituals. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?) Compare the development of (, evening).

The kanji spelling is an example of jukujikun (熟字訓), likely from the similar texture and consistency of cotton.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

木綿 (hiragana ゆう, rōmaji yuu, historical hiragana ゆふ)

  1. string made from the fibres of a paper mulberry bark
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

木綿 (hiragana ゆう, rōmaji Yuu, historical hiragana ゆふ)

  1. a female given name

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term
綿

Noun[edit]

木綿 (mongmyeon) (hangeul 목면)

  1. Hanja form? of 목면 (cotton).