עשרה

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Hebrew[edit]

Hebrew cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : עֲשָׂרָה ('asará)
    Ordinal : עֲשִׂירִי('asirí)

Etymology[edit]

Root
ע־שׂ־ר

From Proto-Semitic *ʿaśr-.

Numeral[edit]

עֲשָׂרָה ('asarám (construct עֲשֶׂרֶת('aséret), feminine עֶשֶׂר('éser))

  1. ten

Usage notes[edit]

  • In Modern Hebrew, when the numbers three through ten modify a definite masculine noun and are directly preceding it, the construct form is used:
    עֲשָׂרָה סְפָרִים‎ ― 'asará s'farímten books
    עֲשֶׂרֶת הַסְּפָרִים‎ ― 'aséret has'farímthe ten books
  • The construct form is not used for higher numbers ending in ten, such as a hundred and ten:
    מֵאָה וַעֲשָׂרָה הַסְּפָרִים‎ ― me'á va'asará has'farímthe hundred and ten books
  • In colloquial Modern Hebrew, the form עֶשֶׂר('éser) is often used regardless of gender.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Numeral[edit]

עֶשְׂרֵה ('esré)

  1. feminine of עָשָׂר