Appendix:Hebrew numbers

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Whole numbers[edit]

Number words[edit]

Numeral notation[edit]

For most purposes, modern Hebrew texts use exactly the same numeral notation as English ones: the Hindu-Arabic system, with the digits 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9, and with the most significant digit being on the left:

איך מגיעים לכביש 17?eikh magi'ím likh'vísh 17? — How do you get to Highway 17?
יש 12,345 תלמידים.yesh 12,345 talmidím. — There are 12,345 students.

As in English, such numbers are normally read out as words, with long strings of digits (such as phone numbers) being read out one digit at a time.

But for a number of purposes, a system based on the Hebrew alphabet is used, with each letter being assigned a numeric value:

א ב ג ד ה ו ז ח ט י כ ל מ נ ס ע פ צ ק ר ש ת
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 200 300 400

Numbers are then expressed using a combination of these letters; for example, 123 = 100 + 20 + 3 = ק ‎ ﬩ כ ‎ ﬩ ג is written as קכ״ג. (The symbol between the last two letters is a gersháyim. When there is only one letter, a géresh is placed after it instead.) There are a few special cases; in particular, to avoid writing names of G-d, the numbers 15 and 16 are written as ט״ו ‎ (9+6) and ט״ז ‎ (9+7), respectively.

This system is frequently used in giving the day of the week; for example, news articles frequently include phrases such as הבוקר (א׳), meaning “this morning (Sunday)”.

Such numbers are read in a number of different ways, depending on the context; they are sometimes read out letter-by-letter, sometimes as ordinal numbers, sometimes as words (for example, ל״ג may be pronounced lag), and sometimes as cardinal numbers.

Ordinal numbers[edit]