אחד

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Aramaic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ʾaḫað-.

Verb[edit]

אחד (transliteration needed)

  1. to hold, take, seize
  2. to shut, close

Hebrew[edit]

Hebrew cardinal numbers
א ב  > 
    Cardinal : אחד (ekhád)
    Ordinal : רִאשׁוֹן (rishón)
Root
י־ח־ד

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *waḥad-.

Numeral[edit]

אֶחָד (ekhád) (feminine counterpart אַחַת)

  1. One: the number one; used as a numeral.
  2. One: being exactly one; used as an adjective.
    • c. 7th Century BCE, Deuteronomy 6:4
      שְׁמַע יִשְׂרָאֵל ה׳ אֱלֹקֵינוּ ה׳ אֶחָד׃‏
      shəmá' yisra'él YHWH eloqéinu YHWH eḥáð.
      Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God is one LORD:[1]
      Hear, O Israel: Hashem is our God, Hashem is the One and Only.[2]
    • אֶחָד וְאֵין יָחִיד כְּיִחוּדוֹ, נֶעְלָם וְגַם אֵין סוֹף לְאַחְדוּתוֹ
  3. One, a(n), this: used as an indefinite article or determiner.
    יש לו בן אחד ושתי בנות.‏‎ ― yesh lo ben ekhád ush'téi banót.He has one son and two daughters.
    ראית ילד אחד כאן?‏‎ ― ra'íta yéled ékhad kan?Have you seen a boy here?
  4. One: used as a pronoun.
    שמתי אחד במגירה.‏‎ ― sámti ékhad bam'girá.I put one in the drawer.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Like adjectives, but unlike other cardinal numbers, אֶחָד follows its noun.
  • According to the Academy of the Hebrew language a feminine cardial number should be used when referring to an abstract number, e.g. in phone numbers, and also in every place where the word מִסְפָּר (mispár, number) can be used before the number, e.g. אוטובוס (מספר) אחת (otobús (mispár) akhát, bus (number) one).[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Authorized King James translation (1611).
  2. ^ Rabbi Nosson Scherman et al. (trans. eds.), The Artscroll Series Stone Edition Tanakh, Mesorah Publications (1996), ISBN 0-88906-269-5.

Yiddish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Hebrew אֶחָד (ekhád, one).

Noun[edit]

אחד (ekhodm

  1. (Judaism) the Oneness of God