أخذ

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See also: آخذ‎, اخذ‎, احد‎, أجد, and أحد

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From root ء خ ذ(ʾ-ḵ-ḏ). From Proto-Semitic *ʾaḫað-. Cognate with Hebrew אָחַז(aḥáz), Aramaic ܐܚܕ‎(ʾeḥaḏ), Sabaean 𐩱𐩭𐩹(ʾḵḏ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʔa.xa.ða/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

أَخَذَ (ʾaḵaḏa) I, non-past يَأْخُذُ‎‎ (yaʾḵuḏu)

  1. to take
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 7:154:
      وَلَمَّا سَكَتَ عَنْ مُوسَى الْغَضَبُ أَخَذَ الأَلْوَاحَ []
      walammā sakata ʿan mūsā l-ḡaḍabu ʾaḵaḏa l-ʾalwāḥa []
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. to take along
  3. to get, to receive, to obtain
  4. to seize, to grab, to take hold
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 7:150:
      وَأَخَذَ بِرَأْسِ أَخِيهِ يَجُرُّهُ إِلَيْهِ
      waʾaḵaḏa biraʾsi ʾaḵīhi yajurruhu ʾilayhi
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  5. to capture, to seize, to take captive
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 9:5:
      فَإِذَا ٱنْسَلَخَ الْأَشْهُرُ الْحُرُمُ فَاقْتُلُوا الْمُشْرِكِينَ حَيْثُ وَجَدتُّمُوهُمْ وَخُذُوهُمْ وَاحْصُرُوهُمْ وَاقْعُدُوا لَهُمْ كُلَّ مَرْصَدٍ‎
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  6. to perceive, to notice
  7. to gather, to understand, to infer, to deduce
  8. to grip, to captivate, to spellbind
  9. to keep, to observe, to adopt, to embrace, to follow
    أَخَذَ بِرَأْيِ صَدِيقِهِ
    ʾaḵaḏa biraʾyi ṣadīqihi
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  10. to accept
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 3:82:
      قَالَ أَأَقْرَرْتُمْ وَأَخَذْتُمْ عَلَىٰ ذَٰلِكُمْ إِصْرِي قَالُوا أَقْرَرْنَا
      qāla ʾaʾaqrartum waʾaḵaḏtum ʿalā ḏālikum ʾiṣrī qālū ʾaqrarnā
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  11. to admonish, to urge, to drive
  12. to enjoin, to impose
  13. to strip, to deprive, to cut off, to bar
  14. to reproach, to blame
    أَخَذَ عَلَى الْمُؤَلِّفِ إِهْمَالَهُ المَصَادِرَ
    ʾaḵaḏa ʿalā l-muʾallifi ʾihmālahu l-maṣādira
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  15. to obligate
  16. to learn, to study
  17. to begin, to start, to prepare to, to set out to, to be about to, to get ready to (followed by a non-past verb)
    أَخَذْتُ أَبْكِي‎ ― ʾaḵaḏtu ʾabkīI began to cry
Conjugation[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Gulf Arabic: خذا(/ˈχɘðɘ/,/ˈχɪðɘ/)

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

أَخَّذَ (ʾaḵḵaḏa) II, non-past يُؤَخِّذُ‎‎ (yuʾaḵḵiḏu)

  1. to put under a spell, to enchant, to bewitch
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

أَخْذ (ʾaḵḏm

  1. verbal noun of أَخَذَ (ʾaḵaḏa) (form I)
  2. acceptance, reception
  3. seizure
  4. taking away, removal
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “ءخذ”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN