شمال

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic. Cognate with Hebrew שְׂמֹאל ‎(s'mól, left), Akkadian 𒆏 ‎(GÚB, šumēlu, left side), Aramaic סְמָלָא / ܣܡܠܐ ‎(semālā, left side), Ugaritic 𐎌𐎎𐎀𐎍 ‎(šmảl).

Noun[edit]

شِمَال ‎(šimālf ‎(plural أَشْمُل ‎(ʾašmul) or شَمَائِل ‎(šamāʾil) or شُمُل ‎(šumul))

  1. left side
  2. left hand
  3. bad omen
  4. handful of ears
Declension[edit]
References[edit]

Noun[edit]

شِمَال ‎(šimālm ‎(plural شَمَائِل ‎(šamāʾil))

  1. (often plural) natural disposition, character, virtues
  2. case, sheath
Declension[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See above. According to Lane (Lane's Lexicon, Book I, p. 1611, entry شَمَال under root ش م ل ‎(š-m-l)), so named because the north is on the left when facing the rising sun.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَمَال or شِمَال ‎(šamāl or šimālm

  1. north
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَمَال or شِمَال ‎(šamāl or šimālf ‎(plural شَمَالَات ‎(šamālāt) or شِمَالَات ‎(šimālāt))

  1. north wind
Declension[edit]
References[edit]

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic شَمَال ‎(šamāl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari شمال
Iranian Persian شمال
Tajik шимол ‎(šimol)

شمال ‎(šomâl)

  1. north
  2. Northern Iran

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]