شمال

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Diachronically from Proto-Semitic *ŝimaʔl, synchronically from ش م ل(š-m-l). Cognate with Hebrew שְׂמֹאל(s'mól, left), Akkadian 𒆏 (GÚB, šumēlu, left side), Aramaic סְמָלָא‎ / ܣܡܠܐ(semālā, left side), Coptic ϣⲙⲟⲩⲗ (šmoul), Ugaritic 𐎌𐎎𐎀𐎍 (šmảl). The north sense derives from the left-hand side facing the sunrise, also attested in Old South Arabian 𐩡𐩣𐩦(s2ʔml, to be northward).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

شِمَال (šimālf (plural أَشْمُل(ʾašmul) or شَمَائِل(šamāʾil) or شُمُل(šumul))

  1. left hand
  2. left side
  3. bad omen
  4. handful of ears
Declension[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ش م ل(š-m-l) meaning “to bundle, “to wrap”, “to huddle”, “to be cold” – such senses are influenced by the cold-dry northerly wind necessitating wrapping up with clothes.

Noun[edit]

شِمَال (šimālm (plural شَمَائِل(šamāʾil))

  1. case, sheath, wrapping
Declension[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From the root ش م ل(š-m-l) meaning “to be leftward” – the north direction being the left-hand side facing the sunrise. Additionally it is relatable to the root meaning “to bundle” or “to wrap”, as the cold northern wind necessitated wrapping up with clothes, contrasting with جَنُوب(janūb, south) from the root ج ن ب(j-n-b) meaning “changing”, “laying aside” clothes, the warm southern wind allowing to put off clothes.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʃa.maːl/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

شَمَال (šamālm

  1. north
Declension[edit]
Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

شَمَال (šamālf (plural شَمَالَات(šamālāt))

  1. north wind
Declension[edit]
References[edit]

Chagatai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic شَمَال(šamāl).

Noun[edit]

شمال (šemal)

  1. wind

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic شَمَال(šamāl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian شمال
Iranian Persian
Tajik шимол (šimol)

شمال (šomâl)

  1. north
  2. Northern Iran

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]