potem

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See also: potém

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

pōtem

  1. first-person singular present active subjunctive of pōtō

Old Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (13th CE) /ˈpotɛm/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /ˈpotɛm/

Adverb[edit]

potem

  1. Alternative form of potom.

Conjunction[edit]

potem

  1. Alternative form of potom.

References[edit]

Old Polish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *potomь. By surface analysis, univerbation of po +‎ tym. First attested in 1388.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (10th–15th CE) /pɔtɛm/
  • IPA(key): (15th CE) /pɔtɛm/

Adverb[edit]

potem

  1. then, later, afterwards (occurring later in time)
  2. then, later, afterwards (occurring later in text)

Derived terms[edit]

adjective
adverb

Descendants[edit]

  • Masurian: potém
  • Polish: potem
  • Silesian: potym

References[edit]

Polish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɔ.tɛm/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɔtɛm
  • Syllabification: po‧tem

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Old Polish potem. By surface analysis, univerbation of po +‎ tym.

Adverb[edit]

potem (not comparable)

  1. then, later, afterwards
    Synonyms: dalej, później
    Antonyms: przedtem, wcześniej
Derived terms[edit]
adverb

Trivia[edit]

According to Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej (1990), potem is one of the most used words in Polish, appearing 14 times in scientific texts, 9 times in news, 16 times in essays, 144 times in fiction, and 84 times in plays, each out of a corpus of 100,000 words, totaling 267 times, making it the 188th most common word in a corpus of 500,000 words.[1]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun[edit]

potem m

  1. instrumental singular of pot

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ida Kurcz (1990), “potem”, in Słownik frekwencyjny polszczyzny współczesnej [Frequency dictionary of the Polish language] (in Polish), volume 1, Kraków; Warszawa: Polska Akademia Nauk. Instytut Języka Polskiego, page 415

Further reading[edit]

  • potem in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • potem in Polish dictionaries at PWN
  • potem”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish], 2010-2023
  • POTEM”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century], 04.02.2020
  • Samuel Bogumił Linde (1807–1814), “potem”, in Słownik języka polskiego
  • Aleksander Zdanowicz (1861), “potem”, in Słownik języka polskiego, Wilno 1861
  • potem in Narodowy Fotokorpus Języka Polskiego

Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pɔtéːm/, /pɔtɛ́m/

Adverb[edit]

potẹ̑m or potȅm

  1. then (after that)
  2. afterwards

Further reading[edit]

  • potem”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran