բակ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian բակ ‎(bak).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

բակ ‎(bak)

  1. (somewhat formal) court; yard, courtyard

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

According to Ačaṙean, a Kartvelian borrowing: compare Georgian ბაკი ‎(baḳi, hedged pen for cattle; yard; moon halo).

Martirosyan prefers derivation from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeh₂g- ‎(to divide, distribute, allot), either as inheritance or borrowing from the Proto-Indo-Iranian cognate *bʰāgá- ‎(portion, share, allotment). The sense development is ‘landed allotment, encircled estate’ → ‘courtyard’. If this etymology is correct, the Kartvelian words are borrowed from Armenian.

Noun[edit]

բակ ‎(bak)

  1. courtyard
  2. sheepfold
  3. halo around the sun or moon
  4. sun-disk
  5. distance between two stars
  6. circumference, round, circuit
    բակ առնուլ, ունել, արկանել‎ ― bak aṙnul, unel, arkanel ― to encompass, to surround, to begird

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “բակ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “բակ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “բակ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2013), “The place of Armenian in the Indo-European language family: the relationship with Greek and Indo-Iranian”, in Journal of Language Relationship[1], issue 10, page 99