iudicium

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From iūdicō (I judge, decide) +‎ -ium (nominal suffix). Compare iūdex (a judge).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

iūdicium n (genitive iūdiciī); second declension

  1. judgment, decision
  2. opinion
  3. trial
  4. wish, desire

Declension[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative iūdicium iūdicia
genitive iūdiciī
iūdicī1
iūdiciōrum
dative iūdiciō iūdiciīs
accusative iūdicium iūdicia
ablative iūdiciō iūdiciīs
vocative iūdicium iūdicia

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • iudicium in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “iudicium”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • iudicium” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to act in accordance with one's convictions: suo iudicio uti
    • to criticise: iudicium facere
    • to be a man of taste: sensum, iudicium habere
    • good taste; delicate perception: iudicium subtile, elegans, exquisitum, intellegens
    • to cultivate one's powers of criticism: iudicium acuere
    • on principle: ratione; animi quodam iudicio
    • to have no principles: omnia temere agere, nullo iudicio uti
    • to give the state a constitution: civitati leges, iudicia, iura describere
    • lawlessness; anarchy: iudicia nulla
    • to summon some one before the court: in ius, in iudicium vocare aliquem
    • to appear in court: in iudicium venire, in iudicio adesse
    • to have charge of the administration of justice: iudicia administrare
    • to administer justice; to judge (used of criminal cases before the praetor): iudicium exercere (vid. sect. V. 7, note The first...)
    • to be president of a court: iudicio praeesse
    • judicial organisation: ratio iudiciorum
    • to win a case: causā or iudicio vincere
    • to rescind a decision: iudicium rescindere
  • iudicium in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers