hof

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See also: hóf, höf, and Hof

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

A loan from German Hof ‎(building, farm, estate; enclosure, courtyard, court).

Noun[edit]

hof ‎(plural hofs)

  1. Enclosure, court, dwelling, building, house.
    • 1993 May, William, Trevor, Jake's Castle, in Harper's Magazine:
      Ulrike lived in a farm hof, and all around me were the dark blank fields punctuated by a few disparate lights.
    • 2009, Chloe Aridjis, Book of Clouds (New York: Black Cat, 1st edition):
      Like many old houses, this one had a front section, where I lived, and at the back an interior courtyard, the Hof, enclosed on all three sides by more apartments.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse hóf, reinforced in modern (post-1990, chiefly neopagan) use by Icelandic hof ‎(shrine, temple).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hof ‎(plural hofs)

  1. (Neopaganism): Template, sanctuary, hall.
    • 1996 for each ten churches burned to ashes, one heathen hof is avenged Varg Vikernes, cited after Gardell, Gods of the Blood, 2003, p. 307.
    • 2005 Asatruarfelagid lacks a central religious temple, or hof in Icelandic. Constructing a hof has been high on the members' wish list for many years Michael Strmiska, Modern Paganism In World Cultures: Comparative Perspectives, p. 170.
    • 2006 A Hof dedicated to the worship of the Aesir and the Vanir idhavellihof.org


Etymology 3[edit]

From Korean 호프 ‎(hopeu), in turn from German Hofbräuhaus, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *hufą ‎(farm, building). In English, the spelling has been re-aligned with the Korean term's etymon, Hof(bräuhaus). Compare howff ("tavern").

Noun[edit]

hof ‎(plural hofs)

  1. A Korean-style bar or pub.

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch hof, from Old Dutch hof, from Proto-Germanic *hufą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hof n ‎(plural hoven, diminutive hofje n)

  1. (royal) court
  2. court of law; short form of gerechtshof
  3. court, yard

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

hof m ‎(plural hoven, diminutive hofje n)

  1. garden (in Flanders)

Derived terms[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hof, from Proto-Germanic *hufą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hof n ‎(genitive singular hofs, nominative plural hof)

  1. temple

Declension[edit]


Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch hof, from Proto-Germanic *hufą.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hof n, m

  1. court, enclosed space
  2. garden
  3. farmstead
  4. castle (court of the nobility)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hufą, from Proto-Indo-European *kewp-, a suffixed form of *kew- ‎(bend, cove, hollow). Cognate with Old Saxon hof, Dutch hof, Old High German hof (German Hof), Old Norse hof (Swedish hov).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hof n (nominative plural hofu)

  1. house, dwelling, hovel
  2. court, hall, sanctuary

See also[edit]

Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hōfaz, from Proto-Indo-European *kōpos. Cognate with Old Saxon hof (Dutch hoef), Old High German huof (German Huf), Old Norse hófr (Danish hov, Icelandic hófur, Swedish hov), Russian копыто ‎(kopyto) and Sanskrit शप्ह ‎(śapha).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hōf m (nominative plural hōfas)

  1. a hoof
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hufą ‎(hill, house, temple). Cognate with Old English hof, Old Frisian hof, Old Saxon hof, Old Dutch hof, Old High German hof. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kewp- ‎(to bend, arch, vault).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (12th century Icelandic) IPA(key): /ˈhof/

Noun[edit]

hof n (genitive hofs, plural hof)

  1. temple, sanctuary
    • Vǫluspá, verse 7, lines 3-4, in 1860, T. Möbius, Edda Sæmundar hins fróða: mit einem Anhang zum Theil bisher ungedruckter Gedichte. Leipzig, page 2:
      [] þeir er hörg ok hof / hátimbruðu, []
      [] they who shrines and temples / high timbered, []
  2. a hall, court;
    • Hymiskviða, verse 33, lines 3-4, in 1860, T. Möbius, Edda Sæmundar hins fróða: mit einem Anhang zum Theil bisher ungedruckter Gedichte. Leipzig, page 48:
      [] út or óru / ölkjól hofi. []
      [] forth from our house / the cauldron here. []
  3. a royal court

Usage notes[edit]

Old Norse makes the distinction between hof "a hall, a sanctuary with a roof" and hǫrgr "an altar, any cult site without a roof". The prevalent meaning of hof in Old Norse literature is "temple, sanctuary". Cleasby and Vigfússon (1874) note the generic meaning "a hall (as in German and Saxon)" in Hymiskviða 33 as a hapax legomenon. The meaning of "court" follows Middle High German and appears only from the 14th century and almost exclusively in compounds such as hof-ferð "pride, pomp", hof-garðr "lordly mansion", hof-fólk "courtiers".

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Faroese: hov n
  • Norwegian Bokmål: hoff n, hov n
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: hoff n, hov n
  • Icelandic: hof n
  • Swedish: hov n, hof n (Old Swedish hof n)

References[edit]

  • hof in An Icelandic-English Dictionary, R. Cleasby and G. Vigfússon, Clarendon Press, 1874, at Internet Archive.
  • hof in A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, G. T. Zoëga, Clarendon Press, 1910, at Internet Archive.

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hufą, from Proto-Indo-European *kewp-, a suffixed form of *kew- ‎(bend, cove, hollow). Cognate with Old English hof, Dutch hof, Old High German hof (German Hof), Old Norse hof (Swedish hov).

Noun[edit]

hof n

  1. dwelling, hovel, house
  2. court, hall

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *hōfaz, from Proto-Indo-European *kōpos. Cognate with Old English hof (Dutch hoef), Old High German huof (German Huf), Old Norse hófr (Danish hov, Icelandic hófur, Swedish hof), Russian копыто ‎(kopyto) and Sanskrit शप्ह ‎(śapha).

Noun[edit]

hōf m

  1. a hoof

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

hof n

  1. royal court; obsolete spelling of hov
  2. hoof; obsolete spelling of hov

Declension[edit]