From Middle English hoven (“to linger, wait, hover, move aside, entertain, cherish, foster”), from Old English *hofian (“to receive into one's house”), from Proto-Germanic *hufōną (“to house, lodge”), from Proto-Germanic *hufą (“hill, height, farm, dwelling”), from Proto-Indo-European *keup- (“to arch, bend, buckle”). Cognate with Old Frisian hovia (“to receive into one's home, entertain”), Old Dutch hoven (“to receive into one's home, entertain”). Related to Old English hof (“court, house, dwelling”). More at hovel.
- (obsolete, intransitive) To remain suspended in air, water etc.; to float, to hover.
- (obsolete, intransitive) To wait, linger.
- 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, chapter X, in Le Morte Darthur, book XVIII:
- Alle these xv knyghtes were knyghtes of the table round / Soo these with moo other came in to gyders / and bete on bak the kynge of Northumberland and the kynge of Northwalys / whan sir launcelot sawe this as he houed in a lytil leued woode / thenne he sayd vnto syre lauayn / see yonder is a company of good knyghtes
- (please add an English translation of this quote)
- (obsolete, intransitive) To move on or by.
- (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To remain; delay.
- (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To remain stationary (usually on horseback).
- (transitive, now chiefly dialectal) To raise; lift; hold up.
- (intransitive, now chiefly dialectal) To rise.
- (nautical) simple past tense and past participle of
- (obsolete or dialectal) simple past tense and past participle of
- 1884 December 10, Mark Twain [pseudonym; Samuel Langhorne Clemens], chapter VIII, in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: (Tom Sawyer’s Comrade) […], London: Chatto & Windus, […], OCLC 458431182:
- Pretty soon he gapped and stretched himself and hove off the blanket, and it was Miss Watson's Jim! I bet I was glad to see him.
- supine of
- neuter of
- neuter of
- (dialectal) alternative form of
- 1974, Horvei, Knut, Gann, [Oslo]: Noregs boklag, page 91:
- Berre ikkje Kreksen vart eit hove kortare [...]
- Lest Kreksen became a head shorter.
- Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN