freien

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German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈfʁaɪ̯ən/, [ˈfʁaɪ̯ən], [ˈfʁaɪ̯n̩]

Etymology 1[edit]

Originally restricted to Low and Central German; generalized by Luther. From Middle Low German vrien and Middle High German vrīen, frīen, vrijen, vrigen; cf. Old High German *frīon, Old Saxon friohon. Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *frijōną. Cognate to Dutch vrijen.

Verb[edit]

freien (third-person singular simple present freit, past tense freite, past participle gefreit, auxiliary haben)

  1. (archaic or poetic) to marry
  2. (archaic or poetic) to ask for marriage; to propose
  3. (archaic or poetic) to court; to woo
Usage notes[edit]
  • Only the derivative Freier remains current, but in a more negative sense (“client of a prostitute”).
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

freien

  1. inflected form of frei

Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German frīen, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *frijōną. Cognate with German freien, Dutch vrijen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

freien (third-person singular present freit, past participle gefrien, auxiliary verb hunn)

  1. (transitive or intransitive) to court (romantically)

Conjugation[edit]

Regular
infinitive freien
participle gefrien
auxiliary hunn
present
indicative
imperative
1st singular freien
2nd singular freis frei
3rd singular freit
1st plural freien
2nd plural freit freit
3rd plural freien
(n) or (nn) indicates the Eifeler Regel.

Related terms[edit]