あくび

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Alternative spellings

欠伸
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Possibly from Old Japanese; first attested in the 新撰字鏡 (Shinsen Jikyō, Newly Compiled Mirror of Characters) of 898­­­–901 CE.[1]

Appears to be derived as the (れん)(よう)(けい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb あくぶ,[1][2] although this verb form isn't attested until the 枕草子 (Makura Sōshi, The Pillow Book) of 1002.[3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

あくび (akubi

  1. , 欠伸: [from 901] a yawn, yawning
    (あく)()(うつ)るよ
    akubi wa utsuru yo
    A yawn can be contagious, isn't it
  2. : the element in kanji characters
Derived terms[edit]
Idioms[edit]

Verb[edit]

あくびする (akubi suruintransitive suru (stem あくび (akubi shi), past あくびした (akubi shita))

  1. to yawn
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of あくび – see the following entry.
悪日
[noun] unlucky day on a calendar
[noun] any unlucky day
(This term, あくび, is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN